Levinas claimed that human existence in terms of Holocaust is rather a descriptive than prescriptive. Thus, Levinas claimed that humans were unable to oppose to a dreadful Holocaust. There can be no religious solution to the phenomenon of Holocaust. Therefore, these philosophers question the existence of God. Such an awful historical whip has made these philosophers reevaluate their attitude to God and religion. The reasons for God’s actions cannot be interpreted. Auschwitz existence cannot be removed from our history; nevertheless it is possible to prevent its future occurrence. With this regard, the essence of its existence should be found out. Concerning the basic concepts of a human existence, such as freedom”, “responsibility” and “suffering”, Frankl suggests an interesting interpretation of these concepts from existential perspective. Frankl considers freedom from an existential perspective and he considers it together with the concept of responsibility. Existential freedom of a person exists in spite of the fact whether he is politically free or not. Frankl relates freedom and responsibility in the following terms: "Life ultimately means taking the responsibility to find the right answer to its problems and to fulfill the tasks which it constantly sets for each individual" (Frankl).
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Existentialism This essay is focused on the attitudes of the great philosophers to the issue of existentialism. On the example of Holocaust, the issue of existentialism, a problem of coexistence of God and an individual and the way the basic concepts of an individual’s stages of existence, such as “freedom”, “responsibility” and “suffering” are considered…
Man cannot determine his own existence except if that man is a secular humanist. There is no way one can be both atheist and theist. This is unprincipled marriage of convenience that only calls secularism. Therefore, existentialism is a quasi-secular humanist philosophy.
In other words, a human being is first an individual before other labels, roles or stereotypes (Flynn 156). This suggests that human beings should always act under their own consciousness in order to establish their values. This also entail the determination of the meaning their lives in relation to the existing environment.
In other words, Kieji Nishitani condemns the obsession with worldly things because they lead people to a sense of nihility (Nishitani 338). This is a state that confuses the meaning of life and hinders people from attaining the sense of the horizon. According to Kieji Nishitani, there is a lot of confusion that is characterized with religion especially upon ignorant people.
There are also aspects of faith that play a fundamental role in questioning of beliefs and responsibility of humanity (Earnshaw 170). Additionally, death and its accompanying effects on the living are paramount in shaping the opinions of individuals on the meaning of life.
At the core of existentialism is the proposition that “existence precedes essence”. This means that the most important consideration for the individual is the fact that he or she is an individual- an independently acting and responsible conscious being- “existence”, rather than what labels, roles, stereotypes, definitions, or other preconceived categories the individual fits-“essence”.
The accumulation of data and information was published in his book Man’s Search for Meaning in 1946 (Pytell 281-282; Frankl and Allport 101).
Based on the results of the study that he had undertaken, man is
There was only duration, only existence, and it was to be endured, not celebrated. However, at its core this was an empty philosophy and one with no real substance. Two of the great existentialist thinkers, Sartre and Camus, clearly illustrate this
he meaning of life and existence; and, there is a need for “authenticity” or “being true to one’s own personality, spirit and character” (Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, “Authenticity”) in order to understand human existence. Furthermore, it rests on the impression
This would be influenced by the fact that the human society has already trained the human beings that there is a place called hell where subsequent punishment would be done. For the purpose of this paper, I
cently read perfectly reveals the origin and the sense of this important direction of the new thinking and defines what existentialism is and what it is not.
Firstly, existentialism, as it is obvious from the term itself, is primarily related to existence, therefore, this is
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