“Since we have previously said that one ought to choose that which is intermediate, not the excess nor the defect, and that the intermediate is determined by the dictates of the right rule, let us discuss the nature of these dictates.” (Aristotle) The intellectual virtues discussed in this work are distinguished between those virtues that do not change and those that change. Intelligence (nous), scientific knowledge (episteme), and wisdom (sophia) are virtues that do not change, while art (techne), prudence (phronesis), understanding (synesis) and good sense (gnome) are things that do change. In the opening section of the Book VI of The Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle maintains that the proper work of a thing determines the virtue of the thing and the three things in the soul which control action and truth are sensation, reason, and desire. The author also divides the soul into two parts: a rational part (which is further divided into a contemplative part and contemplative part) and an irrational part.
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“Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/other/41243-aristotle-nicomachean-ethics.
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Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle’s best known work on ethics, The Nicomachean Ethics (350 B.C.E.) has been one of the most essential philosophical treatises on ethical issues for the last several centuries. Significantly, the Book VI of The Nicomachean Ethics specifically deals with the intellectual virtue which is the continuation of the discussion on the moral virtues, covering Books II to V…
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A virtue implies a mean to righteousness (Aquinas 1993, 51). Critical distinction exists between being virtuous and acting virtuously. Therefore, an individual must not merely act virtuously in order to be termed as virtuous, but ought to know that he motives of his actions should be achieved through acting virtuously through firmness and certainty.
In his ethics, Aristotle follows Plato and Socrates in emphasizing the importance of virtues in human life. Just like Plato, Aristotle accepts ethical virtues such as courage, justice, and temperance as intricate rational, social, and emotional skills. However, he opposes Plato’s notion that training in metaphysics and sciences is necessary condition for full comprehension or understanding of human good.
Aristotle believes that it is not the emotions and passions of people that really make them to behave or act in a particular way. It is also not the absence of reason that makes people to behave in a particular manner and Aristotle believes that akrasia poses an