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History - Essay Example

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Author Tutor Course Date History Part One Women’s Rights One of the significant court cases that championed for the rights of women was the Reed vs. Reed case in 1971. The case involved issues surrounding the death of a minor, Richard Lynn Reed, who had died intestate in the County of Ada in Idaho…
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Before the mother's petition was heard, the father of Richard, Cecil Reed, also filed a petition seeking to be appointed as the administrator of the estate (Lively 29). Initially, the court ruled that, since the respondent was a male, he was the most preferable to the female appellant in accordance with Section 15-314 of the Idaho Code. However, Sally Reed appealed; luckily, her appeal was handled by the District Court of the Fourth Judicial District of Idaho. In dealing with the appeal, the court held that the section challenged by Reid violated the fourteenth amendment clause on Equal protection. The decision of the court in this case was that the court held that the unequal treatment of women by the Idaho law could be regarded as a violation of the Equal Protection Clause in the constitution. Further, the court decided that the denial of equal rights to women violated the fourteenth amendment (Lively 30). The court voted that Idaho did not deny letters of administration to the women gender. The court also voted that women whose spouses had died had the preference over a brother, father, son, or any other male relative. The court decision in Reed vs. Reed was written by Chief Justice Warren Burger. The decision of the Supreme Court in this case has had a phenomenal impact on the society; it has led to the treatment of gender discrimination as a constitutional violation. This case became the basis for the enactment of laws that recognized the rights of women (Lively 32). Worker’s Rights A Supreme Court case that involved the rights of the workers included the Albemarle paper Company v. Moody in 1975. The respondents in this case involved a class of former as well as present employees of the paper company, mainly those of the Negro descent. The employees sought an injunction against any practice, policy, or custom at the plant, which violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964. During this case, the court held that the company has locked Negro employees in the classifications of jobs that had low pay. As such, the court ordered the petitioners (Albemarle) to implement a system that could encourage plant-wide seniority. The part of the constitution used in this court case was Title VII of the 1964 civil rights act. The decision of the Supreme Court was that the back pay could not be ordered because of the losses that the plaintiff sustained under the system of discrimination. Further, the court held that Albemarle did not breach Title VII in bad faith. The court also held that the respondents had gone wrong in delaying their back pay claim; this could be regarded as prejudice to the petitioners (Lively 42). However, the respondents appealed the decision upon which the court voted that the absence of bad faith could not be regarded as a reason sufficient to deny back-pay. The court also voted that back pay could only be denied when its general application would not act as a frustration to the central statutory processes, which Congress manifested in enacting Title VII. Mr. Justice Stewart wrote the decisions of the court. The decision of the Supreme Court has affected the society in that the ruling has led to the transformation of labor laws (Lively 44). The relative impact of the cases discussed can be comparable in the sense that both the cases led to the enactment of numerous laws. These laws have sought to end discrimination and accord equal rights to all. Both cases championed for the ... Read More
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