StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Leadership Theories - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Leadership Theories

It is a tough call because leaders and followers are unique human beings and thereby each situation has an unknown entity factored in. A range of leadership theories have tried to put forth different leadership styles which is the recurring pattern of behaviours exhibited by a leader. A leader's style is based on the degree of concern to the accomplishment of the task and the people who do the task.
The early Trait theories of the 1920's and 1930's, tried to understand the specific traits that differentiated leaders and non-leaders. These may be physical traits like age, height, weight, or social characteristics like being popular, charismatic or diplomatic or personal traits like being self-confident and adaptable. Task-related characteristics include being driven to excel, accepting of responsibility, having initiative, and being results-oriented.
Trait theories concentrated on the inherent individual traits rather the situation but their drawback was that they did not take into account situational differences. Also, they did not take into account the fact that when these attributes are cultivated by education and training whether they were as effective as the inherent qualities. Due to the uniqueness of situations and individuals, trait theories lost their vote when compared to situational theories.
Contingency Theories take into account environmental factors and recommend adaptable leadership behaviour to actual situational requirements. Fiedler's contingency theory was based on the premise that good leadership is always a match between leadership style and situational demands. What works in a particular environment may not be successful in a different environment.
Fiedler's theory consisted of three contingency variables. The first was the leader-member relations (good or poor) that determined group support for the leader. The second was the task structure (high or low) that specified the accuracy of the task and goals. And the third was the position power that determined the power or authority of the manager to punish or reward his subordinates. These are combined in a weighted sum that is termed "Favourable" at one end and "unfavourable" at the other. Task oriented style worked with better member relations while or relationship oriented style is defined for other circumstances. Thus, a given situation might call for a manager with a different style or a manager who could take on a different style for a different situation.
Fiedler's theory is successful only when there is a good match between style and situation. The task-motivated style leader takes pride in his work and feels happy in the achievement of company goals. The relationship-oriented manager seems to place more emphasis relationship building. Therefore this works only when the prospective managers have the right situation that suits their predominant style and is dependent on internal and external constraints.
The leadership qualities that are required to make a good leader can vary in different organisations, teams and situations. This is one of the fundamental principles underlying most popular leadership systems such as Situational Leadership (developed by Blanchard and Hersey in the late 1960s). Hersey and Blanchard's Situational Leadership model suggests that successful leaders can adjust their styles depending on the readiness of the followers to perform in a given situation. The leadership styles portrayed are combinations of task oriented and relationship ...Show more

Summary

In the simplest terms, leadership is the process of inspiring others to work hard to accomplish important goals. With the rapid technological changes, intense global competition and diverse workforces, it is very important to have leadership traits in the working environment…
Author : courtneybarrows
Leadership Theories essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Leadership Theories"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Leadership Theories
The aim is to create an individual leadership portfolio from which it would be possible to reflect on my professional and personal growth by integrating the two theories, models and practices. The focus would be to identify and highlight the different leadership qualities and the basis on which they can be classified as per the leadership styles.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Leadership Theories and Practice
Introduction Both primary and secondary search for a definition to leadership would result in many different definitions being put forward by different scholars and people, depending on the direction from which a person may be viewing leadership from. This is to say that there is no one clear-cut definition of who is leader is or what leadership is.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Leadership Theories and Roles
With time, other timelines gave rise to subsequent theories that analysts could use to determine leadership. They are level of skills and situational factors. These enabled analysts to elaborate on not only leadership theories and roles, but also distinguish between real time leaders and mere followers.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Emerging leadership theories
Leaders who understand the Servant style are more concerned with the need for leadership and the needs of their employees rather than their own ego. This paper will discuss Servant Leadership in comparison to other leadership style. Organizations are changing so rapidly in this day and age that one can barely go to work and not expect some change.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Leadership theories and models
We are going to take a look at the most prominent leadership theories and models in order to apply that knowledge in the critical study of some of those theories and models at work in a further education college. Taking into account several features there have appeared 5 major models of leadership at least in the Western society.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Emerging leadership theories
This paper will discuss Servant Leadership in comparison to other leadership style. Organizations are changing so rapidly in this day and
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Leadership Theories in Organisations
This allows them to influence their followers extensively. A number of theories have been established to shade light on various approaches to leadership. Sheldon (2010) revealed that personal traits, values, principles, goals, skills
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Leadership Theories
The focus of this theory is on behavior instead of personality traits. Functional theory assumes that there are 5 different functions or responsibilities of a leader which include motivating people,
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Leadership Theories
rait form of management is focused on the distinctiveness of several influential’s – both doing well and unproductive and is used to foresee management efficacy in many organizations found in the world. (Ackerman 1997). Therefore, successful leaders have the following traits
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Leadership theories and behavior approaches
Utilization of effective leadership style will direct the employees were working in the company all over the world to do the right thing (Hornsby, Kuratko & Zahra, 2007). The company requires better
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation