StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The equal pay for men and women - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The equal pay for men and women

This gender-wage inequality naturally carries over into the world of pensioners, where sex discrimination and occupational segregation have an even greater effect. In fact, “the pay gap which already exists between men and women during their working lives becomes a vast pension gulf in later life” (BBC, 2003). The result is that, on a whole, women pensioners are poorer than male pensioners. In fact, according to the same report, women receive “just 32p for every £1 of income received by men in a pensioner couple” (2003).  Many women suffer from this disadvantage in pension rates because of interruptions in their service in the labour force due to maternity and child/home care, and also because of receiving lower pay in their working years via the same occupational segregation and sex discrimination. Research shows that 45% of all women work part-time and 25% of those who do are shop and care assistants or cleaners (US-UK pensions dialogue).  Across the board, women suffer from the effects of lower wages. This gender-wage inequality naturally carries over into the world of pensioners, where sex discrimination and occupational segregation have an even greater effect. In fact, “the pay gap which already exists between men and women during their working lives becomes a vast pension gulf in later life” (BBC, 2003). The result is that, on a whole, women pensioners are poorer than male pensioners. In fact, according to the same report, women receive “just 32p for every £1 of income received by men in a pensioner couple” (2003).  Many women suffer from this disadvantage in pension rates because of interruptions in their service in the labour force due to maternity and child/home care, and also because of receiving lower pay in their working years via the same occupational segregation and sex discrimination. Research shows that 45% of all women work part-time and 25% of those who do are shop and care assistants or cleaners (US-UK pensions dialogue).  Across the board, women suffer from the effects of lower wages.  It has been found through research that “in every country in the world, women continue to be paid less for comparable work than men” (Women work more). Although the government has been taking action to revalue the jobs that women do, the current state of affairs leaves women poorer than men at almost every level. Women have been disadvantaged for many reasons, but arguments everywhere are that women are victims of sex discrimination and occupational segregation. To those who say women choose their own fate by opting for lower positions or accepting low first offers, Smithson et al. ...
This is especially true of older women, who lived in a generation where women were much less likely to attain higher levels of education. As a result, women find themselves in general receiving less money than men.
This scenario, however, does not account for the many women who are as skilled as the men they work with, yet receive much lower wages. Evidence supports the claim by Grimshaw et al. that there exists a "need for a multi-faceted approach to closing the average gender pay gap" (2001, p. 209). This is true in several areas where sex discrimination occurs. According to Iona Heath (2004), general practitioner at Caversham Group Practice in London, women doctors earn an average of about 20.7% lower than men in the same position. A similar situation exists in universities.
According to research done in 2004 by the Association of University Teachers (AUT), the wage gap is lower in academia than in other sections of the employment world. However, it is possible to argue that at 15% the average is still embarrassingly high in that section of the employment world that is populated with the so-called progressive intellectuals who should be doing much better at leading the UK to a more gender-equal economy. In fact, as that percentage represents only the average, it has to be noted that several higher-educational institutions pay women at a rate much lower than 85% of what is given to men. The same AUT research reported that The University of Wales College of Medicine pays women at a rate of 33% lower than men who hold similar positions (2004, p. 7). In addition, several other institutions had the wage gap above 20 percent.
Another interesting finding of that study ...Show more

Summary

The essay "The equal pay for men and women" focuses on the discussion that women make less money than men do for similar jobs is a fact in many situations in the United Kingdom. Typically, several studies have shown it to be true and have offered explanations for the trend…
Author : djohnston
The equal pay for men and women essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The equal pay for men and women"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Topic on Discrimination - 'Critically analyse pay related gender inequalities between men and women in the workplace under the E
In a capitalist society, the employers try to take every possible measure to keep labour costs low. Labour law provides protection to labours from exploitation. In this process, there is a myriad of issues to be dealt with. One of the key issues is that of gender inequality.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Equal Pay
Infact, European Union was designed with the expectations of giving way to a dynamic social setup that will be sensitive and flexible enough to adjust and adapt to the emerging social, ethical and business issues (Ingeborg. 1999). From this perspective, pay equity is and should be one of the cherished agendas of the European Union (EU) in particular and a majority of the democratic nations of the world in general.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Men and Women at Workplace at America
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Men vs women
They did not follow any contraceptive methods, as the same were not available or discovered. The system of divorce was so complexes and was not within the reach of the poor in yesteryears. The women were not encouraged to learn education.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Men and Women in Sports
Some of these facilities may be recreational in nature, or they may be facilities found in high schools and colleges. The number and types pf stereotypes that both groups have to face are quite distinct. On top of that, women and men have a different fan base in whichever type of sports one is considering.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Men and women have equal pay. Discuss
Regardless of the job type, whether the skills involved require a minimum or a maximum amount of training, a woman who has all the skills necessary to perform highly in a given position will (almost without fail) attract a lower wage compensation
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Employment Laws: Equal Pay Act
The Act on Equal Pay allows for wage differences if such are as a result of: a system of merit, a system of seniority, a system where earnings are measured by quality or quantity of production or a wage differential that is based upon other factors besides sex.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
EMPLOYMENT LAW(EQUAL PAY LAWS-ARE THE ADEQUATE
The EU laws take a broader aspect of equal pay laws, as a whole in Europe and by focussing on relevant decided legislation and case laws, seeks to re-establish parity and equity in the payment structures between
20 pages (5000 words) Essay
With reference to the historical roots of gender pay inequality, critically assess the argument that such a pay gap is fair in that it reflects the differing work and care priorities of men and women
There are a number of theoretical explanations of this phenomenon that help identify the various forces contributing to the gender segregation process. These theories can be classified into three: institutional, structural, and individual. This essay discusses these three
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Why do women earn less than men examine the gender pay gap in an industry your choice and evaluate what can be done to close the pay gap
It is common knowledge that women chief executive officers earn less as compared to the male counterparts (Caliendo, Lee & Mahlstedt, 2014). The
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation