Payment and Gender - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Payment and Gender

Recognising the biased nature of the wage situation, several attempts have been made on the part of the UK government and other equal-rights organisations to remove the inequality, but limited progress has been made until now. Rather, the situation persists despite the fact that laws have been passed to discourage this practice1. Theories for the existence and persistence of this problem are many. Some blame the lower level of education or other kind of training possessed by women; others to the willingness of women to accept initial wage offers. Still others attribute the wage gap to problems in the labour market or to the alternate responsibilities of women as mothers or child-carers. Whatever the reason: occupational segregation, sex discrimination, or other; it is evident that even today the labour market is constructed in a way that allows women to be poorly paid for a job that they do as well as the men who work alongside them.
One study describes wage discrimination as stemming from the "crowding [of] women into a limited range of occupations" (Walby and Olsen, 2002, p. 41). This is also known as occupational segregation. Women have made great strides in the working world since their general entrance into the workforce, which occurred only recently. However, they still have much to do in order to be considered on the same level as men. ...
Download paper

Summary

That women make less money than men do for similar jobs is a fact in many situations in the United Kingdom. Several studies have shown it to be true and have offered explanations for the trend. Figures concerning the size of the wage gap between men and women range anywhere from approximately 18 to 27 percent…
Author : djohnston

Related Essays

Race and Gender
The report stresses that nonstandard employment defines poorly paid, insecure, and unprotected type of employment, which in essence cannot support any given household because of poor pay. This type of employment entails part time, temporal, on-call work and both the worker and employer face different advantages and disadvantages. Workers with scarce expertise or skills may benefit as they are given managerial and overseer posts in the employment. The female gender benefits from the part-time nature of the work and they can balance between the work and their family care. In general, the...
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Gender in Organizations
As a result, women remain different from men in that they put in more time and effort at the workplace and do more unpaid housework than their male partners. This is the main point raised by Ilene Philipson (2002) and David Schweingruber (2007), whose papers were selected as the two centerpieces of research for this essay because they capture the essence of the topic we want to discuss: that is, gender equality as it unfolds at work and at home today remains meaningless for the most part because of what both Philipson and Schweingruber call the "second shift," with Phillipson adding another...
10 pages (2510 words) Essay
Gender Empowerment in Africa
Thus, it is reinforced in the paper that having this roles, women's involvement in the major decision making process of the country will somehow ensure the improvement of the country.
...
10 pages (2510 words) Book Report/Review
Gender Differences in Intelligence
Rather, it reflects a broader and deeper capability for comprehending our surroundings-"catching on", "making sense" of things, or "figuring out" what to do. (p.13)
...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Language and Gender Interaction
In fact, Lakoff also goes further to point out that women find themselves in a no win situation; when they use powerless talk they are not taken seriously and when they become assertive they are frowned upon.
...
11 pages (2761 words) Essay
Gender and Sexuality Essay
The concept of patriarchy arises from such theorizing. Parents thus have a socially constructed world view of gender which is transmitted to a child at birth which transmits to adulthood. Gender then influences all relationships and development in human lives. Traditional attitude to gender, too, is defined in terms of strictly defined categories. While men are supposed to be rational, stoic, independent, aggressive and oriented towards success, women are considered to be carers, emotional, nurturing, dependent, selfless and oriented towards relationships (Walsh). Individuals are strictly...
9 pages (2259 words) Essay
Gender Role and Behavior
This interview has been guided by the theories laid out by Devor and aims to provide a succinct analysis of an increasingly relevant phenomenon.
...
4 pages (1004 words) Case Study
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!