Review Sarah Rutherford's (2001) article on 'sameness difference' in male and female management styles. What conclusions does she reach what contribution does

High school
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One of the prominent developments of the twentieth century in the Western world was the rise and wide expansion of feminist world views. As a consequence of that process, many of the existing inequalities that negatively influenced women in social, economic, and cultural spheres were removed or significantly reduced.


Aside from such court cases, there is also an ongoing public discussion of the possible limits for the equality between men and women (Halford and Leonard, 2001; Karsten, 1993). Indeed, as when placed in similar circumstances men and women may tend to behave in different ways, it is necessary to have a better knowledge of existing difference and, also importantly, of sameness between general effectiveness of men and women within the same fields of activity. In this regard, Sarah Rutherford, a consultant specialising in organisational culture and diversity, in her article "Any Difference An Analysis of Gender and Divisional management Styles in a Large Airline" provides results of a very insightful research that explores a specific aspect of the sameness/difference between women and men, namely their managerial approaches, and does so in a specific and at the same time quite representative environment, namely in a large airline. Let us take a closer look at the research of Rutherford, single out important conclusions that she reaches, and try link her contribution with wider debates on management and gender.
Sarah Rutherford opens her article with the general observations about the ongoing debate "as to whether woman manage differently from men and whether this may constitute a reason for womens lack of progress to the top echelons of organizations" (Rutherford, 2001, ...
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