Gender in Organizations

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The women's movement has come a long way since the Suffragettes first took to the streets in Britain in the early part of the 19th century to demand the right to vote, and the women's abolitionist movement in the US campaigned against the sale and consumption of alcoholic drinks as a way of protecting women's rights against the abuses of drunken husbands.


As a result, women remain different from men in that they put in more time and effort at the workplace and do more unpaid housework than their male partners. This is the main point raised by Ilene Philipson (2002) and David Schweingruber (2007), whose papers were selected as the two centerpieces of research for this essay because they capture the essence of the topic we want to discuss: that is, gender equality as it unfolds at work and at home today remains meaningless for the most part because of what both Philipson and Schweingruber call the "second shift," with Phillipson adding another factor called "familism." The first part of the main body discusses the dynamics of these two factors as to how they effectively distort the meaning of gender equality in the workplace. To illustrate the point, the last part of the essay's body looks into an actual case study of a married woman doing second shift work, tying this up to conditions in New Zealand, which is currently headed by a woman president and where the women's movement is going great guns. ...
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