What is the difference between a man and a woman' It is a question that has brought a lot of controversies in the social, political and economic world. This subject has been around for a very long time, it did not start the other day. Different societies are characterized by different cultural practices and thus different views of how a man and a woman are different. In the contrary, it has been noted that cultures hold men to be more superior to women. Men are considered to be more mature, strong, morally upright and courageous compared to women who are seen to be weak, cowardly and very immoral. Moreover, a woman is always seen to be a man's possession. In addition, the differences are made evident in situations such as grooming, dressing, occupation, nonverbal behaviours and communication styles. Today, many women who are considered to be feminists are against the sex difference research as they consider it to be a contribution in the stereotyping. The sex difference researchers need to avoid biasness in their evaluation of this study (Kamin, 1974, pp.150-160).
The term race is used to describe the different physical structures a particular group of people have. Racial differences are mostly based on skin colour, hair type and texture and facial features. Racial difference has been around for a very long time. There have been variations on the concept because racial differences highly depend on the ever changing culture of the people. This has brought an issue as to whether racial differences are biological or sociological. The biologists are concerned with whether or not the genetic factor brings about the differences in behavioural and physical factors of people.
The issue of racial difference and class conflict can be traced back from the 17th century. In the 19th century, there were various studies that were done to explain the differences in races and behaviour. The scientists involved themselves in looking at the size and shape of skulls and thus made three major conclusions about race. First, race is objective because it is a natural occurrence in distinguishing humans. Secondly, there is a relationship between human behaviour and biological races. Lastly, race is valid in explaining and predicting human behaviour. The idea of race has highly contributed in the division of people in to groups like: Hispanics, Caucasians, Latinos, Arabs, Asians, African Americans and Mongoloid.
In many parts of the world, race is seen to be a major cause of genocide and wars. This is because a group of people seems to feel more superior thus stereotyping other groups. It has led to violation of human rights and discrimination.
Biological and sociological concept of gender and race in influencing behaviour
Biological theories try to explain the difference between the males and females and how the differences influence behaviour. It is evident that there are obvious physical traits between the men and women. Females can be characterized by the ability to produce ova, have more body fat, have less body hair, bigger hips and breasts, produce more estrogen and have the menstrual and hormonal cycles. On the other hand, men produce sperms, more of androgen, have broader shoulders, are more masculine and have more body hair. The major concern is