Early Childhood Learning and Development

Pages 8 (2008 words)
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There are several provisions offered for early childhood learning and development. Examples of these are state nursery schools and classes, reception classes, combined nursery centres, playgroups or pre-schools, and childminders. Each of these provisions is provided by different agencies with different objectives, and area of development competency, has different levels of trainings and qualifications, and follows different sets of standards instituted in the educational legislation and in welfare tradition as shown by the Children Act 1989 (Abbott and Pugh, 1998).


France and Belgium adapt an organized childminding system because most parents admit their two-year-olds to nursery schools. In contrast, Britain's situation is a bit different. There are no parental leaves and an explicit rejection of any public responsibility to support working parents and their children. This can be attributed to the widespread view in Britain that early childhood care and education are treated as private matters.
As a resolution, policies for early childhood services were passed and implemented. One of them was the Children Act 1989 which was implemented in 1991. The Children Act 1989 emphasizes that our actions support the best interests and welfare of the children and highlights the role of parental responsibility and the partnership between professionals and parents in child rearing (Pugh, 1992). ...
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