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challenging perspective on child development - Essay Example
Author : nikkostamm
Pages 15 (3765 words)
A Child has to mature physically, mentally, emotionally, socio-culturally to get transformed into an adult. Based on research work done in this field various theories of child development sprang up. These ranged from Alfred Bandura's Social Learning Theory, Arnold Gessel's Biologic-Maturation Theory, Ecological Theory of Urie Brofenbrenner,Psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget's cognitive Developmental Theory, Behavioural Theory of BFSkinner, John Watson, and SocioCultural theory of Lev Vygotsky…
N.A.E.Y.C. stating Developmentally Active Practice brought forth 12 principles of Child Development and Learning as a guide for People who work with children (Bredekamp and Copple, 1997)
'Development 'denotes maturation of functions. It is related to the maturation and myelination of the nervous system and to the acquisition of a variety of skills for the optimal function of the individual.'[Ghai OP, Gupta P, Paul VK. 2003]
Growth and development is affected by genetic and environmental factors. Phenotype that is parental traits, Character of parents, Race, Sex, Biorhythm and maturation, genetic disorders like chromosomal abnormalities, gene mutations are all genetically determined.
Environmental factors-Fetus grows in the maternal uterine environment. Maternal undernutrition, anaemia, maternal tobacco consumption go to decrease growth while nutritional supplements increases growth. Maternal intake of medicines like Thalidomide, antiepileptic drugs like valproate, and Rubella vaccination can cause congenital abnormalities.
After birth nutritional statu ...