According to Jackson, Schuler & Sparrow (1994), the continued need for individual and organizational development can be traced to numerous demands. These demands are not limited to maintaining superiority in the marketplace, enhancing employee skills and knowledge, and increasing productivity. In the present phase of events, training is one of the most pervasive methods for enhancing the productivity of individuals and communicating organizational goals to new personnel (Grehart & Becker 1996). Today, project management within the context of effective training has increasingly become part of effective human resource management strategies. No wonder, Bell et al. (2003) postulate that, given the importance and potential impact of training on organisations, the costs associated with administration of training it is important that effectiveness of training programs be incorporated within the context of project management.
Bell et al (2003) working on a similar research area argued that, over the past 30 years, there have been six cumulative reviews of the training and development literature (Campbell, 1971; Gold- stein, 1980; Latham, 1988; Salas & Cannon-Bowers, 2001; Tan- nenbaum & Yukl, 1992; Wexley, 1984). On the basis of previous work listed within this dimension and other pertinent literature, I have been able to identify several design and evaluation features that are related to the effectiveness of training and development programs. However, the scope of the present article is limited to those features over which trainers and researchers have a reasonable degree of control (Bell et al. (2003).
Here, I have recognised the lack of research on "project management on effectiveness of training". Thus, a shift of focus is made from the usual meta-analysis of training to project management on the effectiveness on training. In this direction, this research by breaching this knowledge gap, the paper seeks to investigate and provide answers to three research questions.
How features and instructional attributes of a training method affect the effectiveness of training'
How Project Management within the context of effectiveness of training be used to improve on training effectiveness in organisation
Finally, to compare and evaluate project management on the effectiveness of training with other meta-analysis training methods.
1.1.2 Objectives and Purpose of Study
Today, with the increasing researchers desire to demonstrate the importance of an effective human resource policy on organisation performance