In most societies during the twentieth Century, new ways of analyzing traditional gender roles have begun to evolve out of a variety of movements both within art and culture studies and communications. Semiotics, or the study of signs has emerged as one of the most "powerful cultural analysis tools of the twentieth Century". Semiotics has been used to document and support traditional gender roles within a variety of cultures. The signs of Husband and Wife respectively, have undergone huge ideological shifts in some parts of the world, however within American society they still often used to represent a system of values and a distribution of power that have remained relatively unchanged despite recent eras of social progress. This is illustrated fairly well in the movie "Amores Perros" as the terms Husband and Wife are utilized throughout the movie as signs that represent and suggest traditional values and gender roles that are still based on signified characteristics from the time of the Conquistadors. The power of language and symbolism is often overlooked within societies trying to bring about major cultural changes, in areas that have long been dominated by traditional views. The signifiers and the signified are used as examples of traditional behavioral characteristics and belief systems that have not paralleled woman's advances within other areas of American society.
In the "Tragedy of Mariam", I ha...
r challenging structures of familial authority, I am mainly concerned to place my analysis of Mariam in relation both to the representations of family ties which obvious the contemporary biographical account, The Lady Falkland: Her Life, authored by one of Cary's daughters, and to one of the key sources for Cary's play, Josephus's Antiquities of the Jews. These texts bear witness to the power of familial bonds not only to contextualize but also even to shape narratives of spousal relations. Particularly, my examination of domestic politics in Mariam addresses women's ties within the household, particularly as manifest in maternal conflicts and bonds, which provide alternative speaking positions for the women from which to contest or refigure their publicly prescribed relations to their "ruling" spouses.
Earlier serious studies have focused the gendered conflicts in the play with reference to the hot effects of patriarchal authority upon the female characters within marriage. Different writers have different perspective. For example, Catherine Belsey, has analyzed "the play's identification of a wife as a subject, Barbara K. Lewalski has paying attention upon "the situation of queen-wives subjected at once to state and domestic tyranny";"; Elaine V. Beilin has discussed marriage as "the battlefield of the play" ,Maureen Quilligan has attended to discourses which define "wifeliness"; and Dympna Callaghan has investigated the "racialized" circumstances of Mariam's "wifely rebellion" (Belsey 174) Margaret Ferguson, whose recent edition of The Tragedy of Mariam and The Lady Falkland: Her Life, co-edited with Cary's voice and life has prepared by Berry Weller, reachable for the first time to a large selection of readers, has also observed the play's difficult handling of