Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Similarity and Categorizing - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : lveum

Summary

People will always tend to group things together. The general rule is to include in one group animals, plants, objectives(Rubin & McNeil,1979) or ideas that have the same characteristics. People call this as CATEGORIZING(Goldstone,R.L,1994). We can also categorize animals as carnivores or flesh eating animals or plant eating animals.

Extract of sample
Similarity and Categorizing

Similarity and Categorizing are not dependent on each other but they complement each other.
How people categorize(Oakes, L, 2003) events & things depends on theories that they have learned. A fully clothed man jumping into a pool will be categorized as "drunk" because a normal diver will take off his suit in tie.
Some researchers say that there is no relation between theory derived categorization and similarity. In fact, conclusions say that children will closely categorize a man to a monkey than a worm due the closer physical features of the monkey and man. Children, even 3 yrs old, will make inferences(Keohane & King,1994) of animal properties using category labels such as dogs eat and move around and man eats and move around , therefore they are alive.
Children described and categorized a set of drawings based on their environmental background. The conclusions from experiments show that categorizations are highly biased by their environmental and educational backgrounds.
Cognition can not be complete without applying similarity rules and categorizing philosophies in the observation of things. Evidences show that categorization and similarity are not based on the exact similar data.
Categorization relies heavily on previous theories and they are more goal driven. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Providing Services for Human Sexuality and Well-being
The most evident means in integrating an individual's sexuality is through their actual gender (Molina, 1999). Being a male or a female could already totally affect one's sexuality. Men and women are different in so many ways even from the smallest aspects to the most salient features - males and females walk, stand and sit differently from one another, both also have their own definite way in looking at something, both will have different opinions about a certain matter, both think in a very distinctive way. Nonetheless, one does not have to go into the psychological details of being a male…
6 pages (1506 words)
Social Behaviour
Another prosocial idea is that persons behave according to the theory of reciprocal altruism, in which persons help others in the expectation of receiving something in return. Persons might also help others when faced with guilt or the need to repay a good deed that was previously done to them. This is known as guilt or reparative altruism (Wetering).…
7 pages (1757 words)
Training of Employees in Call Centers
Call centers plays an important role for Currys proving customers with immediate support and assess to information (Currys Home Page 2008).…
10 pages (2510 words)
Social Behavior
1…
5 pages (1255 words)
Employee Relations System in Singapore and Eire
In fact, both are facing similar issues associated with employment relations such as heavily dependent on foreign workers, have a chronic ageing work force, the country is outsourcing its labor intensive industries to another country, and privatization of public companies. The influx of low wage and low skilled workers causes a differentiation between high and low wages, and skilled and non-skilled labors.…
4 pages (1004 words)