Giddens (1990) defined globalisation as a decoupling of space and time. He argued that with instant communication, knowledge and culture can be shared around the World simultaneously. Similarly, Lubbers (1998) also defines globalisation as a geographical distance which becomes smaller in size with establishments and maintenance of cross-border economic, political and socio- cultural relations (Lubbers 1998).
Lee (2000) explain that globalisation is an unavoidable and primarily gentle process of global economic integration, in which countries increasingly drop border restrictions on the flow of capital, goods and services. He further acknowledged that risks are a more rapid spread of disease through tourism and the speedier and more massive and regular movement of goods and people. He noted that the risks of globalisation processes can be managed and are more than offset by benefits in the dissemination of new ideas, technologies and steady global economic growth (Lee 2000).
Whereas, Dowler (2007) define inequalities in health to mean difference in health experience between different groups of people, in that some groups of people experience poorer health than the majority of the population. This he said, is usually due to life circumstances, such as living in poverty, on low or fixed incomes, in poor housing, having few opportunities for social activities, a lack of connectedness to community; and, to discrimination arising from gender, poverty, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation or disability (Dowler, 2007).
This paper will present a literature review on globalisation and its effects on hea ...