England started their colonies in both West Indies and North America as they had the ability to build ocean-worthy ships though they did not have a strong history of colonisation on foreign land as Spain did. Benedict Anderson, the author of one of the most important concept in political geography described nations as imagined communities. Born in Kunming, China, and brought up in California then after he moved to Ireland. The major factors contributing to nationalism in the past three centuries as Anderson described were the use of historical materialist or the Marxist approach (Jackson and Penrose 1998, p. 1).
In respect to this, Anderson argued that Marxist thought had included nationalism but had proved an uncomfortable irregularity for this theory. He defined a nation as imagined political community seen as both inherently limited and sovereign arguing that the main cause of nationalism and the creation of an imagined community is the reduction of access to particular script language in this case Latin. The other cause is the movement to abolish the ideas of the celestial rule and monarchy, as well as the appearance of the printing press under a scheme of capitalism. The introduction of imagined communities was as a result of reconciling Marxist theories and nationalism and also to put into consideration what Anderson envisaged as a twisted context for the appraisal of nationalism. This distortion still continues both within and outside the academy. In Latin America and Indonesia, Anderson defined a nation as an imagined political community and put it as both inherently limited and sovereign. Marshall (2007, p. 448) describes the concept of imagined communities as currently standard within geographical books. The concept does not necessarily mean that a nation is false but refers to a nation as being constructed from popular processes through which residents share nationality in common.
The understanding of this statement shapes and is also shaped by political and cultural institutions as people are made to imagine that they share general beliefs, attitudes and distinguish a collective population as having similar judgment and sentiments to their own. The second aspect is that the nation is generally imagined as being limited. This is because even the largest among them encompassing almost a billion human beings, has limited, elastic boundaries beyond which other nations lie. Anderson then argues for the social construction of nations as political entities that have limited spatial and demographic extent rather than organic, external entities.
Nationalism is further imagined as sovereign, this is because the concept was introduced in an age which enlightenment and revolution were destroying the legitimacy of the ordained, hierarchical dynastic monarchy. He argues that the thought of a nation developed in the eighteenth century as a societal structure was to replace preceding monarchical orders. This means that a nation was a new way of conceptualizing state sovereignty and regulation. This regulation would be limited to a distinct population and territory over which the state could exercise power in the name of nationality.
Finally, nationalism is imagined as a community. This is because despite the actual inequality and exploitation that may reign in each, the nation will always be conceived as a deep and a horizontal