Leadership and Organisational Development Style

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Leadership can be defined as the exercise of influence of one person over another (Antonakis, 2004), yet such a definition demonstrates only a very cursory understanding of the concept. There are several theories that govern types of leadership. This is largely because not only are there many ways in which a person can exercise influence over others, but these differ with regard to personality as well as culture/environment (Hofstede, 1983; McGregor, 1960).


This culture has been described by Hofstede (1983) as akin to a "mental programming" is shared among persons from similar backgrounds. Hofstede has shown that cultures differ in the way they view and interpret the world. Therefore, the management of persons within these cultures can often differ as well. In fact, Hofstede further points out that one should not take for granted that management and leadership methods that work in one cultural arena will do as well in another (1983). In a multicultural society, it is necessary that managers and leaders become aware of the different dimensions of employees and/or followers that exist. It is also necessary that they study the different theories of management and leadership in order to gain insight into how to deal with the different personalities and cultures that are (or might be) represented in their leadership arena (2005). The study of each method of management therefore adds to the repertoire of options a manager and leader possesses to aid in dealing with different situations that may arise. ...
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