StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Socratic religion: Is Socrates irreligious or impious - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Socratic religion: Is Socrates irreligious or impious

Socrates is not irreligious because he categorically states that he actually does believe in some of the same gods that are feted by the state. What Socrates stated that he was against were the stories that were associated with different Greek gods. This is because these tales are not particularly praiseworthy or virtuous in ways that are often associated, in different cultures, with godly character. Socrates even addresses the fact that he regularly offers the sacrifices that are required in various temples of different Greek gods. Many times, Socrates also mentioned a ‘God’- meaning that he might have had monotheistic inclinations. This, however, could have been construed as being an atheist in the Greek city states which promoted belief in a whole slew of gods and goddesses. The Apology, as well as the Euthyphro portrays Socrates as a religious figure who believed in the abilities of deities that are vastly superior to human beings in regards to power and wisdom. Socrates hinted at his belief in a unified God who holds a firm opinion on what constitutes as being un-pious or pious. In the account of Euthyphro, Euthyphro agrees that there are some things are hated and also loved by the gods. The Apology, on the other hand, has the passage where Socrates defends himself from accusations of corrupting the local youth. He also defends himself from the accusation of being an atheist. His defense was systematically carried out through his cross-examination of craftsmen, politicians, and poets. Socrates does not really sanction the intellectualist denunciation of divination's efficacy but accepts the traditional concept that the gods really do communicate with humankind through signs. For all his rationalism, Socrates seems to sanction the validity of the alleged god-given messages found in divination, dreams, and other such customarily accepted signs from gods and goddesses. In the Apology, Socrates spoke of hearing and hearkening to dreams, and also obeying the Delphic oracle. Socrates even encouraged his own students to seek the counsel of diviners and seers. In the ‘Euthyphro’, Socrates adopted a skeptical view of different aspects of traditional Greek belief in the abilities of gods and goddesses even though he still remained deeply religious himself, as was evidenced in the statements “Holiness is what is pleasing to the gods…If you are pleasing the gods with sacrifices, then you are doing what is pleasing to them” (Plato and Gallop 2008). Socrates’ and his Accusers’ view or religion Socrates held the view that the only reasonable understanding of the God(s) was through their appeal as paragons of Virtue and morality. Their personification of these moral values is what rendered them as being worthy of worship. Socrates does not openly accept the gods in the same way that most of the citizens in the city receive them. Socrates’ three accusers, on the other hand, appear to have believed that every citizen has a duty to remain faithful to the state-sanctioned gods and not any others. Meletus, one of his accusers, appeared to be of the opinion that the only way in which Socrates could be said to be a true believer is if he worshipped the gods as stipulated by convention and did not seek to question any of the qualities ascribed to them by the society. To the charge of being an atheist, Socrates countered that a true atheist would not believe in the possibility of the existence of any gods whether they have good or bad attributes. Anytus and Lycon, a representative of orators, also espoused the same beliefs as Meletus but also condemned Socrates for judging the religious beliefs and preferences of the mainstream ancient Greece society. Moreover, it would seem that Lycon, Anytus, and Meletus were mainly aggravated by Socrates’ elevation by the oracle at Delphi which proclaimed him to be one of the wisest men that had ever lived (Plato and ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Socratic religion: Is Socrates irreligious or impious Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Socratic Religion: Is Socrates Irreligious or Impious Essay)
“Socratic Religion: Is Socrates Irreligious or Impious Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times


Socrates is not irreligious because he categorically states that he actually does believe in some of the same gods that are feted by the state. What Socrates stated that he was against were the stories that were associated with different Greek gods…
Author : jerroldhackett
Socratic religion: Is Socrates irreligious or impious
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Socratic religion: Is Socrates irreligious or impious"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

This paper will discuss Socrates’ views and the timeless wisdom he exhibited during his time. Body Socrates is most revered by people although he does not have the beauty of other thinkers. He uses this to his advantage as he comes up with humour to poke fun at his external appearance while enticing people to think deeply about his ideas1.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Socratic dialogues criticized practices of the society, and it appeared that Socrates pretended to undermine undoubtful opinions of his students. On the other hand, Socrates and Cicero imposed different arguments to provide an understanding on the subject of justice.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Socratic Philosophy
The memorable Socrates was a famous Classical Greek philosopher who is acknowledged more eminently as the founder of Western philosophy. Socrates and the speech that he delivered at the time of his trial are alive today in its true essence in the form of Plato's version of the speech which is remembered as 'The apology'.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Plato, three Socratic Dialogues
Euthyphro goes to court to implicate his father in a murder case whereas Socrates is there because he is accused of corrupting the young generation by his impiety. The interrogative dialogues raise three pertinent views
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The fact that so little is known of him, and whatever little present is disputed, is termed the “Socratic Problem”. The experts, whether historical or philosophical, of each era have tried
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
It seems, according to most sources, that Socrates’ whole life consisted of philosophy and the search for truth; it is this overriding commitment to the love
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Cratylus believes that the form and the meaning of a word are inseparable while Hermogenes, on the other hand, refuses to maintain a relationship between a name’s form and meaning Hoenisch (2005). Socrates, after
2 pages (500 words) Essay
His love for obedience to the gods made him continue practicing philosophy despite the great resistance from the government. In another occasion, the Crito, Socrates stated that it was of importance to comply to the laws of Athens it is very clear that he is
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Socrates believed that nobody deliberately chooses to do wrong. He also believed that nobody wants to harm his or herself. And he maintained that if a person does anything wrong to himself or herself, then he or she will harm himself or herself. Moreover, as per
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Being from a rather poor family, Socrates must have received basic Greek education besides learning his father’s art from an early age. He is therefore believed to have worked as a
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Socratic religion: Is Socrates irreligious or impious for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us