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Name Instructor Class 9 October 2013 Contracts, Consent, and States of Nature: Hobbes versus Locke Seventeenth-century philosophers were concerned of the transition from no-state to state societies. Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan and John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government explore the transition toward governments and civil societies using the concepts of State of Nature, contracts, and consent.
This section compares and contrasts Hobbes’ and Locke’ political theories on the nature of consent and contracts, where they have similar beliefs because they both think that consent is needed to form valid contracts. Hobbes and Locke share similar views on why consent and contracts are needed to cope with the State of Nature. Consent means that people are willing to leave the State of Nature to form a civil society that will serve communal needs and interests. Hobbes asserts that a covenant is needed to create a civil society that evades the State of Nature. He employs several terms to explain the roles of citizens and the Sovereignty in civil society. He uses the understanding of consent in relation to the status of the Sovereign as an Artificial Person by showing, that, by public consent, someone becomes an Artificial Person that has greater power than a natural person. Hobbes describes a person as someone “... ...
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