Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

'civilization and its discontent”, Sigmund Freud - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Masters
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 3 (753 words)

Summary

In Freud’s terms it is impossible tom escape the view that people often use false principles of measure because of their quest for power, success and prosperity for themselves and esteems the qualities in other people while underestimating true value of life…

Extract of sample
'civilization and its discontent”, Sigmund Freud

Freud was controversial and influential and in “civilization and its discontent”, Freud explicitly argues that humankind is violent and cites different terrible instances that suggest part of humankind is violent and he refers to it as “the inclination toward aggression”. Freud suggests that humans were never meant to be happy because what is often referred to as happiness comes from satisfaction of needs, which are currently complex therefore from this nature is possible as episodes. However, in “Civilization and its Discontents” Freud emphasized the social role of superego in preserving social order by preventing and turning individual aggression against the society which result in increased discontent with civilization. Though Freud has less to say regarding the common defense against guilt; he manages to show that instead of being victims of sadistic superego people become its agent in the name of ideals, laws and ethics. According to Freud (p.66), conscience is one of the three functions of superego; however, Thrasymachus, the sophist, promotes doing away with justice as well as all moral standards when he breaks into the discussion angrily claiming to offer better definition of justice. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Life and Its Lessons
Socrates said that he doesn’t want to flee, though he was to be sentenced. He wants to be sentenced even though he doesn’t believe in the ways on how the government sentenced him. He would like that the public know of his ideas rather than flee. He was a philosopher and he stood with his beliefs even if it meant he had to die for it. He further stated in Apology that “A good man cannot be…
6 pages (1506 words)
Sigmund Freud
All human beings have aggression in them but some people are more aggressive than the others, Civilization dwells deep into aggression and why human beings get aggressive. Sigmund Freud has given logical explanations which sound really convincing to the readers. There are set laws in almost all the countries and this helps in keeping the aggressive people at bay. The most aggressive people tame…
3 pages (753 words)
Death And Its Significance
The attribute of death being evil was picked up due to people not being able to justify a person’s death. Some people would have been better off alive than dead according to some people’s interpretation. The idea of death is however ruled out by Fieldman, as he considers dead people not to have any feeling whatsoever lest an opinion (1992).His perception of a dead person thus means that he has…
6 pages (1506 words)
How Do Nietzsche and Freud Differ in Their Evaluation of Civilisation?
This essay examines the extent the Freud and Nietzsche differ in their evaluation of civilization. Analysis There are a number of overarching considerations in regards to Nietzsche and Freud’s perspectives on civilization. One considers that in many regards both thinkers share a similar cynicism towards mass society. Nietzsche was greatly suspicious of the notion of morality and sought means of…
6 pages (1506 words)
Freud and Levi-Strauss' explanations of the roles and positions of women in kinship structures
You must discuss TWO or THREE texts and make clear what parts of Freud and Levi-Strauss' theories you are using. Introduction Oedipus the King and The Hours have different stories that unlock the mysteries of traditional flaws. The two stories are considered as the best novels of Sophocles for Oedipus the King and Michael Cunningham for the Hours. The two stories will be tackled in this paper as…
6 pages (1506 words)
Freud: Is Freud still relevant? Which of his theories still apply? Which don't, and why?
His theories were inspired by the work of Josef Breuer while performing hypnosis on patients. Since then he started using the technique of free association and dream analysis to uncover the root cause of problems or dysfunctions and find solutions to cure them. Some of the theories developed by Freud include: the conscious and unconscious mind; the id, ego and superego; stages of psychosexual…
5 pages (1255 words)