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Defining “Ethically Bad Life” Philosophically Your Name Name of Course and Number Instructor's Name Submission Date Introduction In all generations, there is the need for society to define what is good and what is bad. This forms the basis for regulating conduct and ensuring that there are no tensions between an individual and other relevant stakeholders.
This paper evaluates the two approaches to defining “ethically bad life”: deontology and teleology. The paper examines each of the two approaches in detail and identifies which of the two can best be used to identify an “ethically bad life”. The tests the thesis that teleology and the end in question is always the most important thing but it must be done on the backdrop of absolute rules. Deontology The principle of deontology asserts that what is bad and what is good is definite and made up of universal laws which define what is right and what is wrong. The foremost philosopher who propounded the theory of deontology in modern ethics is Immanuel Kant. Kant argued that deontology is “a moral theory centered around the idea of unconditional duty-based commitment” (Cherkasova, 2012: 2). In other words, what is bad and what is good are absolute. This means that they are definite and they are stated clearly. Thus, an individual taking a decision must reason and identify what is good and do it. Failure to do what is defined universally as good means an individual has done what is bad. The word deontology is derived from the Greek word “deon” which means “duty” (Morrison, 2009). ...
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