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Essay example - Freud: Is Freud still relevant? Which of his theories still apply? Which don't, and why?
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Name: Course: Date: Introduction Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is regarded as the father of psychoanalysis. Although most of his ideas are controversial in nature, there is no doubt that they brought a revolution in the field of psychology and now form the foundation for much of theoretical expansion by modern psychologists…
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His theories were inspired by the work of Josef Breuer while performing hypnosis on patients. Since then he started using the technique of free association and dream analysis to uncover the root cause of problems or dysfunctions and find solutions to cure them. Some of the theories developed by Freud include: the conscious and unconscious mind; the id, ego and superego; stages of psychosexual development; life and death instincts and defense mechanisms. Although most of them are in use today, hey have been modified and updated by neo-Freudians such as Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Otto Rank, Karen Horney and Erich Fromm among others. According to Engler (62) Freud’s theories may not be universally accepted but they compel many people. One of his most notable contributions is the talk therapy as well as the notions of unconsciousness. This paper will critically analyze Freud’s theories to determine whether Freud is still relevant and which of his theories still apply. One of the tenets of Freud’s psychoanalysis theory is that personality is unconscious, hidden and unknown. In other words, behavior is shaped by unconscious mental processes which are out of our control (Storr ch.3). His theory of the unconscious mind was developed through empirical observation of hysterical women. ...
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