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Theory of Mind: Eliminative Materialism - Essay Example

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Theory of Mind: Eliminative Materialism

One of the most imperative claims made by eliminative materialism is this that the humans are unable to comprehend with the realities existing all around them just by depending upon the common sense humans have universally been gifted with. In simple terms, the existence of the objects could not be viewed as they appear before the eyes (Ramsey, 2013). Consequently, what humans perceive and subsequently conclude on the foundation of their apparent observation and visualizing could be contrary to the real characteristics attributed to the same thing, object or phenomenon in general. Hence, developing an idea, and reaching out the conclusion on the basis of visible image(s) of the objects could not be supported by the eliminative materialism to be the true picture of divergent scenarios altogether. On the contrary, reductive materialism submits to state that the psychological states of affairs associated with the mind could be estimated by deducing the same from mental to physical (Murraffa, 2011). Theory of mind, as per elucidated in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP), also supports the states of mind, indirectly ratifying the validity of reductive materialism (Apperly et al., 2006). Somehow, its being the product of the cognitive development theory, eliminative perspective declares it to be the bad theory, which actually serves as the reflection of the desires one contains on the one side, and the influence of the prevailing norms, values and traditions regulated by the folklores on the other (Theory of Mind, 150). In addition to this, eliminative materialism criticizes and refutes the claim made by reductive materialism that the situation of mind could be explained in the same lines as it is conducted while assessing and evaluating the material things. Rather, there only exist, according to eliminative perspective, the physical states, which reflect their existence in one way or the other in various objects. On the other hand, mental states do not have any existence, which could reduce the things from mental to physical in any manner. Citing the example of the negation with regards to the existence of devil-loving demonic witches, has strictly been observed by the modern scientific evidence, eliminative materialism claims that the non-existence of the state of mind will also be proved by modern science with the passage of time (Mind as Myth, 145-46). Ramsey (2013) also refers to the theory-theory, where the premise is developed on the basis of a theory that already exists. In addition to this, the author also takes folklore notion as a psychology theory that signifies the need of imitating folkways in order to apply the same in one’s behavior on the basis of one’s belief and pain (Ramsey 2013). The same is applied by entering into deduction and induction methods in order to examine the validity of the behavior. For instance, reason behind pain appearing in some specific part of body is identified by exploring the situation or causes that could inflict the same; and it is applied in case the pain hurts some other part of body or other person by generalizing it to others with the aim of drawing conclusions out of it. While discussing the arguments made by reductive ...Show more

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Module title: Module ID: Submission date: Eliminative Materialism The present paper looks for elaborating the eliminative materialism perspective of mind by making its comparative analysis with Cartesian dualism articulated by Rene Descartes and reductive materialism theory of mind attributed to the psychologist E.G…
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