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Name Instructor Class 25 November 2013 Rawls and Nozick: On Justice and Liberty Justice and liberty are two concepts that are important to one’s life because they can affect if and how much individual rights are compromised for the protection of collective or social rights.
Rawls and Nozick have different conceptions of justice and liberty because of their divergences on deserts, government’s role in ensuring justice, and whether justice or liberty is more important than the other. The paper asserts that Rawls has a more superior theory of justice than Nozick because he relates his theory of justice to liberty and rights and justifies the importance of justice to liberty, while Nozick’s framework of justice may improve liberty’s basis for individual rights, but his theory can lead to gross inequalities that can be justified as moral. Rawls says that we do not deserve the talents and natural gifts we are born with and the products we get from them because we are all born with some form of social advantage/disadvantage in one way or another, but such social inequality can be fixed to promote justice. He asserts that people start from biased positions in life that impact their social status, which, in turn, shapes his conception of justice. Rawls says that a man is not born equal with another because “[h]is character depends in large part upon fortunate family and social circumstances for which he can claim no credit” (Rawls 219). People are not born equal if they are born with varying levels of social advantage or disadvantage. ...
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