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EVIL - Essay Example

Therefore, even the ideal moral judge like God has to draw arbitrary line even when deciding on the number of evil things he would allow; therefore, the vague line guarantees that some evils in the world are gratuitous (Sullivan 398-402). Inwagen’s strategy and enlightenments to the evil problem are very significant in enhancing people’s understanding, and rather than giving an entirely critical response, he offers contributions and then explains their significance. Inwagen condemns the normal taxonomy regarding the problem of evil and provides a substitute all of which are important (Lukasiewicz 448-450). The disadvantage that Inwagen points out includes analytic philosophers haste in categorizing the argument from evil into two, which involves the logical argument and evidential argument from evil. The logical problem from evil purports to indicate that the existence of both God and evil is logically impossible; nevertheless, defenders of evidential argument from evil grant that the existence of both God and evil to be possible (Van 8). However, Inwagen insists it is unlikely that God exists given the extent as well as the degree of evil observed; hence, he notes that logical as well as evidential distinction are only but relics of history. Furthermore, Inwagen points out historical differences that usually encourage theists to consider sufficient response concerning argument from evil (Shabo 107-110). Instead of the conventional classifications, Inwagen provides an alternative way of classifying all arguments from evil with their scope of evil that is given as evidence against God’s existence. Inwagen’s global argument from evil posits that if God existed, then the world would never have evil; however, the world has vast amount of evil, which points out that God never exists. On the other hand, Inwagen’s local argument from evil posits that if God were there, then the world would never have particular evil; however, the world does have certain evil, which points out that God does not exist. This approach is useful compared to logical/evidential distinction since global arguments as well as local arguments from evil desire distinct responses in place of the theist. Successful defense disregarding global argument will never voluntarily offer theist a successful defense against local argument from evil (Boyce and McBrayer 1-3). Another significant contribution of Inwagen is in his reaction to the argument from evil regards his ingenious use of vagueness as a means of arguing the existence of God to be compatible with existence of gratuitous evil. An evil is considered gratuitous once its occurrence is not essential in compensating good or essential in preventing something equally bad. Contemporary theistic responses to the argument from evil normally grant that if God exists, then there are no gratuitous evils; however, this challenges gratuitous evils that exist. The responses purport to either indicate that none of the evils in the real world are gratuitous or lack adequate reason for thinking that evils in the real world gratuitous. However, Inwagen response focuses on the premise that if God exists then there would never be gratuitous evils. Inwagen suggests that the vagueness in the world ensures that moral principle in question is false and in some cases arbitrary line has to be drawn by agents of perfect morals (Boyce and McBray ...Show more

Summary

Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Problem of Evil In his article, Inwegan presents a well-written work characterized by ingenuous and insightful argumentation through a combination of elegant prose with philosophical rigor. The article offers many and diverse explanations and insights regarding the central problem of philosophy of religion…
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