Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Substance dualism is necessary for beings to have free will - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
High school
Author : gerald00
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 7 (1757 words)

Summary

Name Instructor Course Date Substance Dualism is Necessary for Beings to Have Free Will Substance dualism, Descartes most famous philosophical thought, is necessary for beings to have free will because it allows for the separation of minds from bodies (Calef); according to substance dualism, our minds and bodies are separate entities that can exist apart as two distinct entities…

Extract of sample
Substance dualism is necessary for beings to have free will

Since the mind is not physical, it cannot be bound by physical laws that govern the body, thus, beings are free not only to do as they please, but also to do otherwise than they usually do. In this respect, responsible human actions are not related to mechanical causation as presupposed by materialism, the philosophical belief that humans are physical beings whose motions are bound by laws of physics (Wartick). A strong sense of free will is supported by dualism, unlike other philosophical thoughts such as materialism because, according to Descartes, humans have an infinite will to act involuntarily and to be held accountable for their actions, and an understanding capable of showing those clear and distinct perceptions. This paper proposes that substance duality is necessary for individuals to have a free will, not only to do as they please, but also to do contrary to their conventional ways by building a strong case for duality and disqualifying contrary opinion. Intentionality, often referred to as the ‘of-ness’ or ‘about-ness’ of mental states is undoubtedly the strongest argument in favor of dualism (“Case for dualism”); physical objects are spatial and have specific shapes unlike mental states such as thoughts and senses that are non-spatial. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Dualism
One key feature about dualism also has to do with the fact that greater percentage of the commentators who have discusses or written about the subject before appreciate dualism from the mind-body perspective. There seem to be this uniformity of agreement among the commentators because the mind-body perspective of dualism is considered to be the basis or history behind dualism whereby “humans have (or seem to have) both physical properties and mental properties” (Howard, 2011). In the following sections, the subject of dualism as presented from selected view points is discussed. Platonic…
4 pages (1004 words)
Descartes Mind Body Dualism in 6th Meditation
Although his theory was subjected to a lot of challenges and controversies, yet philosophers mutually hold the consensus that there is a certain level of truth in the theory proposed by Descartes because we would never have felt the existence of our bodies had we never had any minds. Thus, existence of mind was fundamental to the human realization of body. This somewhat promotes the view that mind works independent of the body. The thesis proposed by Descartes is frequently referred to as the substance dualism. The thesis derives its name from its underlying ideology that emphasizes that this…
6 pages (1506 words)
Descrates' Substance Dualism
The first manifestation is the dualism of body and soul in man. Two substances—mental and material—are completely separated from each other. Descartes, however, mentioned the pineal gland, in which they are connected, but this argument has no effect. In general, there is a gap between them. Mental substance has no spatial parameters, material substance has spatial parameters. Descartes rejects admission of the existence of the body; he speaks of the mental unenbodied substance, which exists in itself separated from the body. The second manifestation is the duality of God and world. This is…
9 pages (2259 words)
On Substance Dualism: Understanding its Essence and Basic Concepts
The first part of the essay provides a brief introduction on the conceptual implications of the term dualism in relation to the mind and body. Through this partthe researcher aims to shed light on the attributes of each substance, which reinforces the assumption that such substances deserve to be regarded as separate objects. Through this definition, the ‘dualist perspective’ argues that there are two fundamentally different objects in a person—the mind and the body—and they do not necessarily need the presence of each one to exist. The second part exposes the different versions of…
8 pages (2008 words)
Cartesian dualism,Descartes
But this trend has not been without reason. The different experiences of a person, as each of us experience, makes for the bona fide interest in the topic. There remain consistent scholarly productions because it is, as the most riveting philosophical ideas go, a thought provoking notion that invites and generates the infinite diaspora of the study. The first person (tending in the narrative tone) that Descartes opted to write in made his propositions appear stronger and many philosophers have taken a literal interpretation to his uttered premise and just as many dissections possible. The…
5 pages (1255 words)
Substance dualism is necessary for beings to have free will
Therefore, the mind can be distinctly perceived as a whole autonomous entity that does not pertain an extension, correspondingly, the body can also be though as an extension that pertains no element of thought meaning that God could enable the two to exist distinctly from each other, ergo the mind and body are actually distinct from each other. Concisely, Descartes is really trying to make the point that the mind and body are two entirely different entities each set for its own purpose; the mind is a thinking thing that exists in the abstract devoid of physical attributes such as size shape or…
7 pages (1757 words)