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Substance dualism is necessary for beings to have free will - Essay Example
Author : gerald00
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Name Instructor Course Date Substance Dualism is Necessary for Beings to Have Free Will Substance dualism, Descartes most famous philosophical thought, is necessary for beings to have free will because it allows for the separation of minds from bodies (Calef); according to substance dualism, our minds and bodies are separate entities that can exist apart as two distinct entities…
Since the mind is not physical, it cannot be bound by physical laws that govern the body, thus, beings are free not only to do as they please, but also to do otherwise than they usually do. In this respect, responsible human actions are not related to mechanical causation as presupposed by materialism, the philosophical belief that humans are physical beings whose motions are bound by laws of physics (Wartick). A strong sense of free will is supported by dualism, unlike other philosophical thoughts such as materialism because, according to Descartes, humans have an infinite will to act involuntarily and to be held accountable for their actions, and an understanding capable of showing those clear and distinct perceptions. This paper proposes that substance duality is necessary for individuals to have a free will, not only to do as they please, but also to do contrary to their conventional ways by building a strong case for duality and disqualifying contrary opinion. Intentionality, often referred to as the ‘of-ness’ or ‘about-ness’ of mental states is undoubtedly the strongest argument in favor of dualism (“Case for dualism”); physical objects are spatial and have specific shapes unlike mental states such as thoughts and senses that are non-spatial. ...