StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Philosophy - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample

Aristotle points out that nature of causes determines the nature of the causes’ objectives and the friendships differ in species (Aristotle, 78). Aristotle claims that to love for pleasure is only to love for utility as love for utility x while mean an individual loves x for pleasure (Pangle 56). Accordingly, utility varies with each individual, as older people are more inclined to seeking utility relationships (Aristotle, 1156a25). In this case, Aristotle clarifies that what is relative is not enduring. Aristotle defends his argument by outlining that This essay will explore the strengths of objections to the argument in order to confirm Aristotle argument on the nature of true friendships. Objectors to key premises Opponents of Aristotle argument outline that relationships develop after a long period of time and long-term relationships are more meaningful than short-term relationships. In this case, objectors point out those individuals who take time to form intimate and closer relationships will avoid the temptations of pleasurable and transitory relationships that entail utility considerations. The opponents assert that life is ever-changing with new forms of friendships thus individuals must aim at attaining satisfactory at every day. The objectors assert that the nature of certain relationships entail unequal exchanges and the amount of love must be equivalent to proportion to the utility obtained by each person. Case example of such relationships includes rule-subject relationship and father-son relationship. In this case, the subject will display more love for the ruler if he or she believes is getting enough utility from the ruler (Pangle 100). Replies to objections Aristotle counters the objections by asserting that ‘true friends’ are good in themselves and virtues since they wish well to their friends and desire to maintain the friendship. True friends will be pleasant and useful to each other and do not enter in to incidental friendships that are based on expected pleasures or utility (Pangle 67). Aristotle clarifies that love for utility means that an individual loves for pleasure and love for pleasure only is to love for utility thus the love is based on extrinsic reasons. In this case, some lovers complain their excess love is not reciprocated while beloved may complain that his lover promised some pleasures, but performs nothing of those expectations. A case scenarios will arise when the lover loves the other for the sake of attaining pleasure while the beloved for the sake of utility and both do not possess the qualities expected in the relationship. Aristotle demonstrates that the friendship will cease to exist if the parties do not receive the things that formed the motive of love since each did not love each other for the sake of their likeable characters and qualities. From the argument, Aristotle concludes that love for pleasure and utility is transient unlike love formed on the basis of characters and qualities that are self-dependent and do not change with time (Pangle 234). The utility in friendships is relative to the needs as older people are oriented towards the expedient seek utility relationships. Individuals who are guided by feelings seek to satisfy such feelings as evidenced by young personas who engage in routine activities such as football games in order to satisfy their pleasure and erotic feelings of young persons. The satisfaction of the underlying feelings leads to pleasure, but feelings change with time thus making the relationship not enduring (Pangle 167). Theoretical observations Aristotle articulates that genuine friends loves and likes the other person for the same of that other person and friendship entails reciprocal goodwill. Aristotle offers three types of friendships that include ...Show more


Aristotle argues in Book VIII of the Nicomachean Ethics that friendships based upon utility or pleasures are not enduring. Aristotle bases his arguments upon certain premises that aim at proving his arguments. …
Author : ocronin
Philosophy essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Some see in myth the distinct character of particular cultures, while others see universal patterns. Some regard myth as "contemporary" and "alive", while others think of it as "ancient" and/or "dead." (What is Myth?). Myth is defined from Greek word mythos meaning story or word and a study encompassing myths or body of myths is demonstrated as mythology.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Rene Descartes was one of the great French philosophers and thinkers of the seventeenth century. Known for his philosophy of “I think, therefore, I am,” Descartes introduces to us one of the important philosophical principles, which is that of skepticism and uncertainty.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
How does it differ from other fields especially religion? Generally though, philosophy seeks answers to questions, but mostly about origin. About how humans started and stuff like that. Usually though, those questions are rooted in the religious or mythological framework.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Modern philosophical thoughts originate from 17th and 18th century (1600-1800) with revival of scepticism and having philosophers as Montaigne, Descartes, Locke, Spinoza, Leibniz, Berkley, Hume and ending with Kant who attempted to
2 pages (500 words) Essay
In America, the family unit has broken down due to the lack of familial duty. Husbands and fathers do not take responsibility for their children, marriage vows are not taken seriously, and neglected children grow up to neglect their elderly parents. If Americans followed
2 pages (500 words) Essay
He then goes about saying that the basic factor of being understood by the general population and be received with empathy is not the beauty of the picture
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Hobbes stated that each of the ideas or thoughts of men are “a representation or appearance of some quality, or other accident of a body without us, which is commonly called an object” (Hobbes Chapter I). According to Hobbes, these representations or objects caused
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Philosophy is considerably vast and covers various fields ranging from metaphysics, language, ethics, Epistemology, ontology, management, logic and politics. Any field or discipline has a philosophical orientation developed
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Following this line of thought, Descartes pointed out that he found in his mind the concept of God, of an almighty perfect being, it naturally follows that in the real sense he has his
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
In the past Socrates was considered unguilty, but recently some scholars stated that the accusations were founded and the accusers were absolutely right. The given paper will prove that the Socrates argument about the necessity of education and
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us