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A Priori Knowledge of Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of fact and real existence from sense p - Term Paper Example
Author : pwuckert
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Philosophy Submission Date: Introduction According to Hume’s writings, the reasoning of humans and animals are similar, the difference comes in their reasoning abilities. One of the differences is that animals, unlike humans, possess specific cognitive instincts tat are designed to assist them propagate and survive, and another difference is that humans, unlike animals, have the ability to improve their reasoning…
In this sense, Hume regards reason as an instinct both in humans and animals. My work narrows down to animal reasoning with a few studies and comparisons to human reasoning. Animal actions depend on two sorts of reasoning: based on experience and instincts. Reasoning and experience The claim about reasoning ability being essentially different in animals and humans was rejected by Descartes by arguing that animals have reason, and concluded it with certain observed behaviors in animals. He began with claims about human understanding, indicating some behavior in which animals resemble human, therefore concluding that animals must also take after humans in their reasoning (More, 1996). Hume on the other hand disagrees to this order of argument in the opposite direction where clearly states that animals learn from experiences. He cites some examples horses learn what heights they can safely leap, and dogs learn to fear the sight of a whip (EHU 9.2-3; SBN 105). ...