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Does life itself has a purpose Do we as individuals/ or as a group have a purpose Based on the works and opinions of greek ph - Essay Example

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Does life itself has a purpose Do we as individuals/ or as a group have a purpose Based on the works and opinions of greek ph

It was Aristotle who documented some of his beliefs. Thales, who was born in c.624 BC, is regarded as being the original Greek philosopher (Hephaestus Books 46). He speculated that the mythical presumptions about the foundation of the world and the daily interference in the affairs of men by the gods were not the only things that determined how life progressed. Anaximenes would also be more pre-occupied with the nature of matter; and air, in specific, than with mythical characters in religion. To emphasize on his belief in the significance of matter, Thales stated that “all matter is full of the gods” (Curd and Graham 51). Though there were no writings left behind on his exact views on life and death, it would appear that he encouraged his listeners to concern themselves with the life they could see and feel, instead of that which they could not be certain about. Heraclitus, another pre-Socratic philosopher embraced the notion of viewing the world in a detached manner (Hephaestus Books 65). For him, the purpose of life was not to run from conflict but to embrace it. Heraclitus believed that opposition is something that is essential in all of life’s processes. He also appears to have believed that the gods themselves understood the need for opposing forces, whether in reference to good and evil, to exist so as to balance life. He encouraged his hearers to embrace conflict in order to move ahead in life and even attain balance within their own lives. Parmenides, another pre-Socratic philosopher,

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was less balanced in his view of life and the world. Parmenides believed that the concept of variety was an illusion, and that true change was impossibility. Parmenides did not well on matters regarding gods but sought to explain the importance of the concept of either ‘not being’ or ‘being’. From his manner of deciphering the meanings of various situations, it would appear that his belief was that the purpose of man is to live by logic. The philosopher Democritus also appears to have supported this notion, albeit in a different manner. Democritus was a mathematician who described everything in terms of atoms. According to Aristotle, Democritus actually believed that the human soul is created from fire-atoms and the physical body from earth-atoms that need to be stimulated by the fire in the soul (Hephaestus Books 96). Democritus seems to have felt that the soul creates 'life’ and that the physical movement resulted in indestructible atoms that could be identified as 'thought’. According to him, this meant that the soul could live beyond bodily death. Democritus stated that “everything happens according to necessity” (Gill and Pellegrin 39). This shows that while he was pre-occupied with defining everything by the atoms in it, he also felt that there was an after-life in which the ‘indestructible atoms of the soul dwelt. Anaxagoras moved to Athens in 464 BC, and soon befriended Pericles. Protagoras would follow two decades later and the men would form a group known as the Sophists. The Sophists were doubtful about the power of the gods and instructed people in subjects such as grammar, mathematics, political philosophy, physics, and ancient history. Gorgias was a part of this group which ushered in the culture of criticism, and which would give birth to the start of the endorsement of individual investigation (Hephaestus Books 92). The Sophists felt that the purpose

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Name Professor Module Date Does life itself has a purpose? Do we as individuals/ or as a group have a purpose? (Based on the works and opinions of Greek philosophers) The philosophers of ancient Greece had varied opinions on issues such as the purpose of life and the issue of good and evil…
Author : xhartmann
Does life itself has a purpose Do we as individuals/ or as a group have a purpose Based on the works and opinions of greek ph essay example
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