Name Instructor Course Date Conspiracy Theories A conspiracy is a hidden plan by an individual or group of people to act or do something that is harmful or unlawful. The individual or group of people usually do such harmful acts for their own benefits but hide them in such a way that the public cannot understand…
What exists about such events is only fantasizing of what might have been the cause. There are various such conspiracies in the world. The first one concerns the source of Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. People speculate that it was a product of Soviet or American biological warfare and that it was released either with or without the knowledge of the scientist who made it. People were also not aware that such virus existed. The second conspiracy concerns extraterrestrials that frequently visited the earth with the intention of killing cows and human beings. The memories of these individuals and animals are then erased from our memories such that forget them forever (Keeley 6). The third conspiracy explains that there once had a good transport system in Los Angeles city which was made up of street cars. In 1930 to 1940, car manufactures, rubber makers and oil marketers formed a conspiracy group that distracted this transport system. The intention of the group was to turn the city’s transport system into an automobile type. It, therefore, made large sales by selling such automobiles. The fourth conspiracy is that of “Trans World Airlines Flight 800.” The plane was accidentally sunk into the sea by a United State navy missile. The government then covered the facts behind this accident by refusing to release the right information to them media. These were just the mere speculations that went around in the public. The sixth most common conspiracy is the most surprising one. The United State is said to record all telephone calls made by people living in Transatlantic. The National Security Agency was the body behind this monitoring and recording (Keeley 8). Their primary intention is still yet to be known. The fifth conspiracy speculates that a small group of Jewish bankers controls the world economy. Other groups that were speculated were the Trilateral Commission and Freemasons. The sixth and the most talked about conspiracy involve the Oklahoma City bombing. It is speculated that a police officer guarding the main entrance of the building had in the previous days killed a person. His friends swore to revenge by throwing a bomb at him. They did so and killed the officer together with an extra 168 people. A clear analysis of the Oklahoma City bombing can reveal some characteristics of a conspiracy theory. After the bombing, news went around that the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms had been forewarned before it took place, which they denied. A wise person should understand that such speculations or news in the media may be false or true. However, a conspiracy can be identified by a number of characteristics (Keeley 10). First, it offers the clarification of the event in question. The aim of this clarification is to confuse people’s minds and distract them far away from the truth. The second characteristic is that the people behind the bad event are revealed as weak and not capable of doing such an event. They are revealed to have played a helping role. They are seen as setting the main event that caused the disaster. Third, the group that does wrong or harmful event must be small in number. Other larger groups of people whom they are acting for, is largely hidden. Fourth, they cast doubts on an official story that had been earlier released. It, therefore, acts as a cover ...
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The United States has always been considered to be a target of extremists. One event that totally changed the political policies of the United States and put the country in an emergency was the happening that took place on the 9th of September 2001. It is an event which will be marked in the history of the United States and will never be forgotten.
The latter produced a vast literature on political conspiracies and several other political crimes where in state involvement was claimed or suspected (Kolbas 2001). The investigations were successful in debunking official reports of numerous incidents, and this unavoidably shed doubts on the government.
Fenster (2008) defines conspiracy theory as two propositions, the first as “the conviction that a secret, omnipotent individual or group covertly controls the political and social order or some part thereof circulates solely on the margins of society”.
The author thinks that behind this fallacy is the ideology that after the alien spacecraft was found, it was taken into storage and a massive cover-up done to keep it secret. However, this did not happen in isolation of topnotch scientists and engineers as they had access to the craft for special purposes.
Due to these happenings, the Pope Sixtus decided to excommunicate Florence, on claims that Lorenzo de Medici caused the death of the Archbishop Pisa, with the help from eight town councils (Martinez 59). The pope through his ius commune and cannon law raises some doubt on the legality of his action to excommunicate Florence.
In his essay titled 'Of conspiracy theories', the author Brian Keeley discusses certain epistemological issues pertaining to conspiracy theories. He argues that there are certain features that are shared by most conspiracy theories, which make them irrational to accept.
The film shows the officials nonchalantly discussing mass-murder over lunch, as if on a boardroom meeting of some company, only here they are arguing the method of execution. It highlights the cold, calm disposition in which the murders are planned and discussed.
There have been other conspiracy cases and the most recent of the conspiracies is the conspiracy to defraud, conspiracy to corrupt public morals and the conspiracy to outrage public decency; statutory conspiracy entails any agreement to commit a crime