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Compare David Hume's ideas - Essay Example


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Compare David Hume's ideas

He argues that impressions emanate via human senses, feelings and reactions, and other mental features, they are the active perceptions we have because of hearing, seeing, feeling, loving, hating perceptions craving and ambitions. When we hear, see, feel love, hate, desire or will. Ideas refer to the less active perceptions and reactions we have at the thought and imagination of these sensations, the faint pictures painted in our minds by these thoughts and reasoning. He also added that the difference between ideas and impressions is in the degree of force applied by each of them on the mind (Hume, 1). Construction of ideas occurs from the impressions that we have and in three distinct ways: ideas from simple impressions in three ways: the affinity, coherence, and connection. Hume goes ahead and categorizes human rationality as either facts or just simple ideas. In the first category, he analyses facts hatched from experience. Despite the fact that thoughts originating from association of ideas may be inexistent, their truth is rationally flawless. A good illustration is in the case of a square; it will always have four corners irrespective of whether it exists in reality or not. It is possible for us to imagine the unseen things e.g., a monster but all our self-created perceptions emanate from sense and experience. In his second category of human rationale, Hume makes an analysis based on inference to experience and not based on philosophical denouement; he assumes experience and an occasional

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observation as the basis of human reasoning (7). He denotes that factual matters are unpredictable since there is a possibility of the reverse happening. An example he gives is the assumption of the possibility of the rising of the sun. He criticizes the idea of “matter of fact” on making such conclusive assumptions if there is a possibility of the opposite occurrence. He questions this idea as an innovative and a type of logic only possible in a theoretical perspective. Hume’s argument is that assumptions of cause and effect between two correlations are not obviously true. . He further affirms that our assumptions about the future cannot be justified since there is no such law that the future will always be like the past. He emphasizes that our assumptions are based on habits and not on logic. He says that if experience teaches us that two events take place at once, then we assume a relationship between them. However, he appreciates the importance of the assumed connections and defines them as simple repeated observations between two events. He then concludes that, in the absence of cause and effect, our actions are unpredictable. He further proves that cause and effect are based on subjective reasoning and thus causal. He denies the concept of knowledge because all beliefs emanate from ideas, which originate from reality; no conclusion can be made beyond experience (Pojman et al.). Descartes’ 6th Meditation Rene Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. The sixth meditation consists of one of the philosophical ideas in which Descartes highlights all beliefs in things he says have no absolute truth in them and tries to find out any facts that can be established about them. The meditations were written as if he was in meditation for the six days during which he wrote them all and in each meditation, he refers to the previous as yesterday (Skirry 116). This meditation concerns the existence of


Comparison David Hume and Descartes Ideas David Hume’s excerpt “Of the origin of our ideas” David Hume was a famous Scottish philosopher widely known for his philosophical experimentation and uncertainty…
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Compare David Humes ideas essay example
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