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Rousseau:Discourse on the origin of inequality and Kant-Perpetual peace and other essays - Essay Example

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Rousseau:Discourse on the origin of inequality and Kant-Perpetual peace and other essays

In addition, these people who lived stress less life had good morals and they were filled with pity, and thus they could not hurt one another (Kant et al 3). As time progressed, man began to change. As the number of people increased, the ways in which people could satisfy meet their daily needs changed. Because of the difficulties that people began experiencing, they started seeing each other and also began living together. They called these places communities because many people created large areas and made them settlements. They also continued working but they did so by dividing work between themselves. This they called it division of labour and it happened between small units of people which were known as families. Division of labour lead to invention of tools and other practices such as farming that made life easier. The fact that they worked and become tired led to the need for rest (Kant et al 4). They thus recognized the need to rest and work the following day, which they called leisure after sometime doing that. During leisure people began to talk about comparison between one community and another and also between themselves. This comparison brought about public values that led to shame and pride when one was told to be more superior to others. In addition a certain community was considered more powerful than others if they had more resources. This started to make people envy property and pride and contempt. The desire for one to be recognized as superior or powerful, lead to some people isolating themselves from others. Isolation made these people accumulate property of their own. Soon the society leant of private property as important resources that brought pride and fame. The discovery of private property is associated with all social evils that exist today because it brought a lot of competition on resources and immoral behavior. Such immoral behaviors include greed, stealing, robbery, and murder. People in society began to be divided and distinguished by wealth because private property was what everybody desired. The society by this time had stopped from depending on nature and began competing for natural resources that were begging to diminish. The continued evolution of private property brought a lot of inequality in society such that those who did not have private property had to work for those who had to earn a living (Kant et al 5). This led to the development of social classes such as the poor class, middle class and upper class. Those who had private property noted their property needed more protection and, therefore, they formed a government. The government chief role was to protect the rich’s property from the poor. The rich foresaw that one day the poor would take their property by force. The government is thus established with the false intention of guaranteeing equality and protection of all people. The true role of this government is however hidden because its purpose is to harden the very inequality that private ownership has brought. Therefore, the government which claims to be in the place of everyone is actually in place of the few rich and who have become stronger as a result of private property (Kant et al 9). This is the reason why the current society is in competition and a lot of suffering. Evolution of the current man’s problems is meant to teach us how we ought to live with one another by understanding the sources of our problem. The quote “Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains” ...Show more

Summary

Name Instructor Course Date Rousseau The origin of the current society can be traced to some years back. The early man began in a state of nature where he was not in competition with anyone or anything for resources. In the past, the world had very few people who lived…
Author : roelstokes
Rousseau:Discourse on the origin of inequality and Kant-Perpetual peace and other essays essay example
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