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This is in the research of cancer and genetic manipulation. They also have a ninety nine percent match genetically to humans. Cat use is mainly for neurological research while dogs are used in cardiology and joint structures. Invertebrates such as fish and worms are advantageous due to their short lifecycle (Abbott 144-145). In the previous century, a significant amount of medical experiments resulted from the use of animal experiments. This has sparked contention, with proponents of animal use in scientific research arguing that the positive effects outweigh the negative, while opponents argue the opposite. This paper seeks to show that the advantages of using animals for scientific research are more than disadvantages, especially if the proper ethical guidelines are followed to the letter. One of the most significant advantages supporting scientific research using animals is the fact that, it leads to the invention of fundamental medical solutions. For instance, the germ theory emerged by use of anthrax introduction to sheep. Further, in the treatment of diabetes, insulin was isolated from a dog, which led to the discovery of its treatment. Hormone discovery emerged from the use of dog experiments by Bayliss. This would have been impossible had scientists not experimented on animals. Animal based scientific study is also the best choice amongst known research alternatives. For example, although computers are known to be amongst the most intelligent of machines, they have not been able to fit in as alternatives which could operate on their own. This is due to their inability to function as live organs in living things as well as their inability to model the interaction between inner and outer environments. The use of rodents such as the rat reflects a ninety nine percent match to human genes. The results obtained from the experiments match what would happen in a human being, only with a difference of little magnitude (Abbott 146). Further scientific research on animals is advantageous since it plays a significant role in advancing genetic and biological knowledge. In genetics, animals benefit from the experiments. This is evident from the fact that, genetic modifications make it possible for the improvement of animals; in the sense that they receive valuable traits for adaptation to their environments. They are also improved in terms of productivity. In addition, genetics research also assists in the advancement of tissue repair, which is useful to patients suffering from major injuries that necessitate reconstruction. According to scientists, animals lack consciousness thus do not suffer as much as pain as humans. This means that experiential research on animals is more feasible than subjecting humans to the same form of research. Additionally, not only live animals are used in research, but also dead ones. Scientists also inject the research animals with anesthesia, thus relieving them of pain. This means that, in most experiments only momentary pain is caused. Statistics show that only 7% of animals used in 2006 for experiments suffered intense pain incapable of being relieved (U.S. Department of Agriculture 2-5). It would be misleading to disregard the other side of the debate, which presents the cons of experimental research on animals. For instance, harming animals for the benefit of humans appears to be ethically cruel. The use of animals involves ...Show more

Summary

Name: Course: College: Tutor: Date: Scientific Animal Research and Controversies Scientific animal research is the use of any other animal other than humans for experimental purposes. It involves observation, extraction of some cells from animals, and even induction of foreign material into their bodies…
Author : jenniegutmann
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