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Final exam questi

The paper concludes by giving a personal opinion on Mackie’s position regarding coexistence between God and evil. Introduction to the Problem of Evil The problem of evil is the greatest intellectual impediment to the belief in the existence of a supreme being, God. The big question that underlies this issue is that, if the idea of existence of an omnipotent being holds, then why is there evil in the world? The level of misery human beings around the world face is evidently immense. Evil dominates the world with men treating each other unjustly. Further, there are so many natural disasters rocking man’s life year in year out. These evil occurrence cast doubt over the existence of omnipotent God. This paper explores Mackie’s presentation of the argument from evil and explains some answers to the problems posed in a bid to determine whether or not Mackie is right. Mackie’s Presentation of the Argument from Evil J. L. Mackie (1917-1981), an Australian philosopher, in 1955 developed a popular deductive reasoning from evil. Mackie’s argument was based on two postulations. First, there exists an omnipotent (all-powerful), omniscient (all-knowing), and omnibenevolent (all-good) God. Second, there is suffering or evil in the world. Mackie argued that the two propositions are inconsistent. In a simplified version, Mackie’s argument was that the following postulations cannot be simultaneously true: God is omnipotent. God is wholly good. Some evil exists in the world. His argument for inconsistency

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of these premises is that an omnibenevolent deity would undoubtedly object all suffering in the world. An omniscient being would most likely be aware of all suffering and an omnipotent being would possess all the power to stop all suffering in the world. As such, if at all omnipresent, omniscient and omnibenevolent God existed, there would be no sing of evil and suffering in the world. Consequently, if God exists, then there is no evil and if evil exists, then the idea of existence of God ceases to hold. Because conventional theism believes that omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent God simultaneously with evil, then there is an element of inconsistency in traditional theism. Further, Mackie argued that the existence of evil is evident and obvious because there is suffering and all sorts of evil all over the world. As such, if the proposition of existence of evil holds, then the other proposition, which is the existence of omnipresent, omniscient and omnibenevolent God, is untrue. If God exists, then he is omnipotent. If God exists, then he is wholly good. An omnipotent person is capable of doing anything. A wholly good person usually eliminates as much evil as possible. If God exists, he would eliminate as much evil as possible. If God exists, then he eradicates all evil. If God exists, evil ceases to be there (O'Connor 46). Therefore, the conclusion that God exists and that some evil exists seems inconsistent according to Mackie. Some Answers to the Problems Posed One of the answers to the problem of evil is theodicy. Theodicy attempts to explain the consistency in the simultaneous existence of omnipresent, omniscient and omnibenevolent God with evil. It offers deep insight into the coexistence of God and evil and also justifies God’s intent on man. Theodicy tries to explain the reasons why an All-knowing, All-powerful and All-good God would permit suffering. Theodicy

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Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Final Exam Questions Q3. Explain Mackie’s presentation of the argument from evil. Explain some answers to the problems posed. Is Mackie right? Outline Introduction to the problem of evil: this section introduces the problem of evil by presetting the main ideas in the problem…
Author : millerdomenic
Final exam questi essay example
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