Appeals are usually made to evidence as offering a logical reason for the adoption of particular laws of morality and living1. Key Ideas for support There are three strategies to the issue of moral decision making, imperative, subjective and objective. The objective strategy is erroneous in that it fails to offer an explicit method by which agreement may be reached as regards the allocation of values. A good example of this is the moral claim it is good which is very different to an empirical description such as it is raining. It is self evident that it would be illogical to make an assessment of a moral claim based on its properties. The subjective approach is wrong in that it argues that upon the reaching of agreement concerning the morality of a situation then it is only sentiments and attitudes which will result into difference. While attitudes and sentiments are important, reasons for support of a decision also have to be evaluated. The imperative approach is wrong in that it contends moral decisions to result from moral commands without giving reasons. Moral reasons which usually relate to duty to the self and the community ought to be the standard upon which moral decisions are made. Most Illuminating Toulmin and Jenson assert that moral decisions are made on the basis of deliberation of moral reasons which are also obtained from societal observances rather than from the consequences of an act. Reasonableness in a society that is ethical entails the consideration of the effect of an action on community members. An act is to be considered as entailing moral reasoning if all people accept it as so2. In moral reasoning, it is not enough to simply look upon the meaning of moral reasoning as isolated terms. Puzzling Moral just like science has processes and procedures which are used to determine the validity. Moral reasoning should thus be studied in the context of discourse analysis. Moral laws and principles that are to be justified must thus be passed through these processes to determine their validity. Processes which have been proven time and again to be workable in that they result into avoidance of suffering for the individual and the community should form the moral code of the society. The principle bases upon the fact that it is more practical to establish the actions that will result to suffering for the person and the community than to establish actions that will lead to happiness. The authors equate scientific hypothesizing to moral reasoning in that moral reasoning uses procedures the same way somebody would make use of a map to find their destination. Case study 2 Main Points In truthfulness deceit and trust the main points that the author put forth are concerned with the lying and its effect on the deceiver and the deceived. It is asserted that deceit is a powerful force in making people act contrary to their will. They assert that lying normally increases the feeling of power in the person who has been lied to while making the person who was deceived feel helpless. Deception leads astray the person who has been deceived by constricting their options or by making them lose faith in choices made. Deception is compared to violence as they both are said to have the same effects and occur as a result of similar circumstances3. Key Ideas for Support People who have been deceived usually become
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“Ethics Case Study Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/2623-ethics-case-study.
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Ethics Case Study Name Instructor Institution Institution Case study 1 Main Points The Place of reason in Ethics is an endeavor to employ the methods of phenomenological analysis in ethical rationality. Toulmin and Jonsen primary concern is the clarification of the nature of moral logic and the logic that goes along with it…
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11 pages (2750 words)Book Report/Review
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