Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Medieval Islamic Philosophy - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Masters
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 12 (3012 words)

Summary

The Arabs did not have philosophy, mathematics, or any rational sciences as part of their culture and tradition before the arrival of Islam. Despite the fact that they were conscious of Jewish and Christian religions since Jews and Christians lived among them, they themselves were idolaters…

Extract of sample
Medieval Islamic Philosophy

that had been transmitted from Greece into these countries.
In, 323-43 BC Greek classical philosophies experienced a drastic change. From being a fundamentally Greek product, it developed into an international and eclectic cultural movement in which Greek, Egyptian, Phoenician and other Near Eastern religious and ethical elements came together. This change is best represented by the role Alexandria played as the centre of varied streams of notions making up the new philosophy.
At the same time as the Abbasid Caliphate was set up in Baghdad in 750 AD, the centre of learning progressively moved to the Abbasid capital, which became later the heir of Athens and Alexandria as the new cultural city of the medieval world. Nearly two centuries later Cordoba, capital of Muslim Spain, began to contend with Baghdad as the centre of 'ancient learning'. From Cordoba, Greek-Arabic philosophy and science were spread across the Pyrenees to Paris, Bologna and Oxford in the twelfth and the thirteenth centuries.
During the time of the Abbasi'd Khalifah (Caliph) Mamun-al-Rashid who had established a Bait-el-Hikmah (House of Wisdom) in Baghdad, the influence of the foreign thought seeped into Islamic culture. Works of Greek philosophy and natural sciences were available in Alexandria, Egypt, and some other Syrian cities. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related Essays

Philosophy
Considering the variation in cultural predisposition, myths also varies. Different beliefs persist in different parts of the globe defining culture, traditions and rituals of that particular region. A comparative account could be established between different mythologies and this is packed under comparative mythology. Myth refers to variety of stories sharing distinctiveness, making it special and diverse from other genres, folklores and legends. Formulating this as a basis, myths could be defined as "Myths are symbolic tales of the distant past (often primordial times) that concern cosmogony…
5 pages (1255 words)
Philosophy
Since his early age, Descartes had begun to doubt every traditional fact, he had ever known or learned. His doubts even reached his own existence in the world. So, in his Discourse on Method Meditations and Principles, Descartes explains and elaborates the principles of his philosophy that depend on skepticism and uncertainty. Then, he started to rebuild his knowledge, as well as ours, by proving his own existence, and the existence of mind, soul, and God. As noticed by many thinkers, “the Method of Doubt ultimately involves the task of removing all uncertain beliefs, ensuring that only…
7 pages (1757 words)
Medieval Philosophy / History
The courses that I am petitioning for in this narrative are as follows: Philosophy 309, History of Western Philosophy I: Ancient to Medieval and Philosophy 310: Modern Philosophy. In 1980, I began my transition to Christianity. My interest in Christianity began when I started to contemplate my mixed emotions on my military experiences; particularly how to come to terms with life and death on the battlefield. I felt that I needed answers and needed to believe that all was not lost. I began to seek answers from Christianity. During this period of transition, I sought to discover my purpose in…
4 pages (1004 words)
Philosophy
Therefore, philosophy of education forms part of the learning process that is concerned with the aim, form, method, and the results of any educational/learning process. It is then worth noting that, philosophy of education is a tool that directs the educational processes that are geared to the targeted group. From the understanding of the historical literature philosophy of education, it is worth noting that a learner or every child must be identified as a unique individual who needs to secure knowledge towards stimulating intellectual, emotional, social, and physical growth and maturity…
4 pages (1004 words)
Philosophy
This means that laws of nature work with other events to act as forerunners that necessitate every occurrence. Soft determinism, also known as compatibilism, is the conviction that the ideas of determinism and free will are compatible (Loux 38). Therefore, one can believe in determinism and free will and still be logically consistent. Here, according to American philosopher William James, free will is the liberty to act according to one’s motivation. However, he also points out that an individual can do their will but cannot control what they will to do. On the other hand, hard determinism,…
3 pages (753 words)
Philosophy
Rationalism refers to the scientific method and the knowledge gained through it. For this very same reason, rationalist gives high importance to science. Plato and Socrates are major philosophers who support rationalism. Rationalism as a philosophy believes that if one can thing clearly and logically then he is disposed with the right knowledge beforehand itself without any experience. However, Empirical knowledge is related to material universe but priori knowledge need not require experience to be known. Empiricism is a philosophical theory which depends upon our senses whereas it argues…
3 pages (753 words)