Political Philosophy by Rousseau

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The bosom of America is open to receive not only the opulent and respectable stranger, but the oppressed and persecuted of all nations and religions; whom we shall welcome to a participation of all our rights and privileges
Law - An abstract expression of the general will that is universally applicable.


"Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains" he said (181)1. He is free only if he can express his interest and individuality. He said, "Each man in giving himself to all, gives himself to nobody" (192). He was placing the individual in a responsible and responsive society that can create, run a government and participate in it. Collective decisions are the core of democracy, equality, liberty, fraternity. "As an ideal, the general will is, for Rousseau, a genuine universal.It is the unity through which the addictive collection of wills gets its meaning," Dyke (1969, p.23). Rousseau argues in favour of general will at every step. "The general will is the will of all when we are not thinking about our own selfish interests but about the general interest" Roberts (1997). .
According to him if the laws of the land are good, it will reflect in the goodness of citizens and hence, the law is the root cause of good and bad both and so is highly significant. Especially the political, fundamental laws have to be wise and they connect the sovereign to people, one citizen to another, and connect the law to citizens. They also form the constitution of the state, which can wield power in every day life of the citizen. ...
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