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Ataraxia - Essay Example

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Ataraxia is Greek for 'peace of mind' and serenity. Ataraxia word was used by Pyrrho and Epicurus for relief from worry or unhappiness. It is also tranquillity, almost apathy, freedom from disturbance, pain etc. It means living without a mental burden or preoccupation and the state is akin to life of pleasure and ultimate bliss…

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It is a difficult state to attain in modern times, as it is almost impossible to be detached from the material world and gain access to philosophical state of mind. Hellenistic philosophy, also called philosophy of Plato recommended that man should be self-sufficient and self-dependent and should rely only on himself for happiness. It is important to find the right balance of mind, deed and outlook so that happiness is not beyond reach to attain ataraxia, imperturbability, which could also be termed as mere 'peace of mind'.
"Ataraxia is a spiritual balance, the research of physical and psychical harmony so difficult to achieve by human beings. Ataraxia becomes a state of tension able to open our minds and be receptive towards life experiences"
Epicurus gave a totally different meaning to ataraxia. This philosopher had given a lot of thought to death, its imminence and relevance in day-to-day life. He thought that without connection and thought of death, every day life takes a queer shape and hence, death is an inescapable truth and the ultimate aim. It is also a total blackout and hence not painful later, and we should avoid physical pain while being alive. And to live without being bothered by physical pain is the pleasure of life.
"Since death is a total annihilation that cannot be experienced, in our present lives we need only liv ...
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