StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Ataraxia - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Ataraxia

It is a difficult state to attain in modern times, as it is almost impossible to be detached from the material world and gain access to philosophical state of mind. Hellenistic philosophy, also called philosophy of Plato recommended that man should be self-sufficient and self-dependent and should rely only on himself for happiness. It is important to find the right balance of mind, deed and outlook so that happiness is not beyond reach to attain ataraxia, imperturbability, which could also be termed as mere 'peace of mind'.
"Ataraxia is a spiritual balance, the research of physical and psychical harmony so difficult to achieve by human beings. Ataraxia becomes a state of tension able to open our minds and be receptive towards life experiences" http://www.myspace.com/histrionia
Epicurus gave a totally different meaning to ataraxia. This philosopher had given a lot of thought to death, its imminence and relevance in day-to-day life. He thought that without connection and thought of death, every day life takes a queer shape and hence, death is an inescapable truth and the ultimate aim. It is also a total blackout and hence not painful later, and we should avoid physical pain while being alive. And to live without being bothered by physical pain is the pleasure of life.
"Since death is a total annihilation that cannot be experienced, in our present lives we need only live a simple life and seek always to avoid physical pain. It is pleasure, understood in this negative sense, that is the highest good for Epicurus. Freedom from mental disturbance.
http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/epiu.htm


EPICTETUS

Epictetus stressed on basic good life of humans. According to him the good life itself is based on ataraxia and if one is conscious of it and controls his own life based on high values as a rational human being should do, he would live in complete happiness. He offered extensive arguments on complete and achievable happiness, based on his amazing understanding of life.



"The eudaimonia ('happiness') of those who attain this ideal consists of ataraxia (imperturbability), apatheia (freedom from passion), eupatheiai ('good feelings'), and an awareness of, and capacity to attain, what counts as living as a rational being should. The key to transforming oneself into the Stoic sophos (wise person) is to learn what is 'in one's power', and this is 'the correct use of impressions' (phantasiai), which in outline involves not judging as good or bad anything that appears to one"
http://www.iep.utm.edu/e/epictetu.htm



He said people have to be motivated and inspired by virtue, act virtuously. According to him, life with right principles is the secret of attaining happiness. Total happiness cannot be achieved without a clear conscience and this cannot come without a guiltless life. Self-satisfaction and the feeling that the individual had taken every decision in life without selfishness, without any personal gain and with total ethical justice is the path that leads to a clear conscience and self-acceptance. He said this is the only way to attain imperturbability.



DIOGENES

Diogenes argued from an entirely diverse viewpoint. He said marriages should be made null and void and the family should become communal and the responsibility of community and State. He was so advanced for his time that he demanded patriotic citizenship and the citizenship of the world. Diogenes was considered to be ...Show more

Summary

Ataraxia is Greek for 'peace of mind' and serenity. Ataraxia word was used by Pyrrho and Epicurus for relief from worry or unhappiness. It is also tranquillity, almost apathy, freedom from disturbance, pain etc. It means living without a mental burden or preoccupation and the state is akin to life of pleasure and ultimate bliss…
Author : oconnellkacey
Ataraxia essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Ataraxia"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

International Relation 2
The European conquest of the Americas is not that accurately described in some reference books, where some even highlight the benefits of colonization to colonized territories. Several history books render the sickening extent and brutality of European colonization during Columbus’ times.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Epicurus' and Epictetus' Teachings
In this section of my paper, I will compare and contrast the views of Epicurus and Epictetus, two famous Greek philosophers who lived in the last centuries of the first millennium.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The Virtue of Pleasure: Epicurus
Nonetheless the desires which people have vary depending on age, gender, the social cultural, economic, political and educational standing. Regardless of the different desires that people have at different times, the ability to satisfy them demonstrates achievement of pleasurable experience.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Final essay
According to Epicurus, for people to live a happy life, they must be free from fear, and must not experience any aspects of pain. According to him, evil brings out pain, while good brings out pleasure (Keefe, 2010). Epicurus further denotes that death signifies the end of an individual’s soul and body, and therefore there is no need of fearing it.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The Good Life and the Right Action
Why should we fear something that cannot give us any feeling Human life is deprived of immortality that is what makes it more enjoyable. A person does not fear death because it causes pain, it is the thought of death, which is painful, He says. When we are alive death is not there and when death comes we are not there so where is the good or bad feeling about death.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Philosophy-The Good Life and the Right Action
Why should we fear something that cannot give us any feeling? Human life is deprived of immortality that is what makes it more enjoyable. A person does not fear death because it causes pain, it is the thought of death, which is
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Philosophy
As many writers have come out with the concept of what is happiness, Epicurus has his own philosophy of what and how to achieve happiness and be able to define the two major fears that could ruin the human soul as well as the
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Examine and discuss the philosophical views developed by Epicurus
Epicurus was influenced by Democritus, who was an atomists and physician. His philosophy was based on the fact that cosmos was made of components of atoms that do not reduce into anything. With respect to this assertion about atoms,
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation