Existentialist view on human nature

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Thomas Aquinas, a priest, professor, and philosopher, influenced centuries of religious and academic thought with his methodical way of harmonizing faith and reason. When the ancient logic of Aristotle was being revived, despite condemnations by the Roman Catholic Church, Aquinas reconciled the two by granting reason its own integrity…

Introduction

For thousands of years, people have debated whether God exists, and most conclude that it cannot be proven. Karl Barth asserts that God “rules unconditionally and irresistibly in all occurrences. Nature is God’s servant, the instrument of his purposes. God controls, orders, and determines, for ‘nothing can be done except the will of God”. Aquinas argued that “God is impassible, unaffected by the world. Since God knows all events in advance and controls every detail, divine knowledge is unchanging and in, God there is no element of responsiveness”. In this context, an analysis of opinions expressed by different philosophers is paramount in understanding the analogy of self and being, and it is postulated that the correct answer lies in the area of abstract philosophy and the metaphysical. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Danish religious philosopher Soren Aabye Kierkegaard is considered as the founder of existentialism and is remembered for his critique of the systematic rational philosophy of Hegel on the ground that actual life cannot be contained within an abstract conceptual system. ...
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