StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Structuralism perspective in science and technology - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Structuralism perspective in science and technology

However, it was the work of Ferdinand de Saussure that is generally considered to be a starting point of the 20th century structuralism (Structuralism, 2006). Amongst the well-known structuralists are; Ferdinand de Saussure, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Jacques Lacan, and Lvi-Strauss. However, it is not possible to claim that some important social and/or psychological theoreticians and certain sciences are structuralist in character because what they do is to build models of psychological or social reality (Glazer, 1996). Throughout the 1940s and 1950s, existentialism like that practiced by Jean-Paul Sartre was the prevailing mood. Structuralism only became prominent in France after WWII predominantly in the 1960s. The early attractiveness of structuralism in France led it to spread throughout the world (Structuralism, 2006). By the early 1960s, structuralism, as a movement, was able to stand on its own and offered a unified approach to human life that will hug all disciplines (Structuralism, 2006).
Just like any other cultural movement, the influences and developments of structuralism are multifaceted (Structuralism, 2006). Structuralism is contentious and indefinable concept. Generally, structuralism can be understood in two levels: first, as a wide intellectual movement, one of the most noteworthy ways of theorising in the human sciences in the twentieth century; second, as a specific set of approaches to literature (and other arts and aspects of culture) thriving in France during the 1960s however with older roots and continuing repercussions. The basic principle of structuralism is that human activity and its results, even perception and thought itself, are constructed and not natural (Maley, n.d.). The theoretical approach offered by structuralism emphasises that elements of culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to the entire system (Rubel and Rosman, 1996). This notion, that the whole is bigger than the parts, got the attention of the Gestalt school of psychology. Fundamentally, the elements of culture are not descriptive in and of themselves, but they form part of a significant system. Structuralism, as an analytical model, assumes the universality of human thought processes in the aim to understand the deep structure or underlying connotation that exist in cultural phenomena (Lett, 1987; Meyer, n.d.). However, the most complicated characteristic of structuralism is that these structures are not based on concrete or physical phenomena as they are in biological or other sciences but based on cultural realities such kinship organisation or stories. These cultural realities are mental as are the structures which explain them. These structures and their structuralist models exist only in human minds, and not in nature as e.g. a Marxist would claim (Glazer, 1996). Structuralism is a multifacet approach embraced by a variety of academic discipline such as psychology, linguistics, anthropology, and human culture as well.
Structuralism in psychology
In the 19th century, structuralism existed for the first time in academic psychology. Psychology, as a subject of discussion, also has a long history within the fields of philosophy and physiology. It only became a sovereign field of its own with the work of the German Wilhelm Wundt. . He was the first one in ...Show more


Structuralism is a universal approach in a variety academic disciplines that examine the inter-relationships between fundamental elements of some kind, upon which some higher mental, linguistic, social, cultural etc "structures" are built, through which then connotation is shaped within a specific person, system, and culture…
Author : eliwill
Structuralism perspective in science and technology essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Structuralism perspective in science and technology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Science Technology & Innovation Systems
The development of genetically modified crops has been considered an effective method for facing the above problem. Initially, the benefits of genetically modified crops (GM) were thought to be extensive; however, through the years – and the development of research in the particular field – it was revealed that GM crops have a series of disadvantages.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Science, Technology & Innovation Systems
Wind is a renewable energy source because it continues to exist and will not be depleted. In this case, wind is an important alternative energy source because of its availability wherever else. Strong wind is present in a significant level in Denmark. This makes wind energy as important alternative energy source in the country.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Science and technology essay
Understanding the impact of these technologies is extremely important since it makes us deduce the negative and positive sides of the same (Das 222). Social networks such as Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter can allow one to search, find, and connect with anyone; from a colleague in a neighboring cubicle to someone in a country one has never visited.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Islamic and christian perspective on computer science
Whether it is true or not that religion is the opium of the masses, as Marxist may assert, or not, one for sure is that religion plays a crucial role in determining how human beings make their decisions. It is immaterial which religion people subscribe to, the common denominator is that all religions point out to some supernatural being whose powers people believe in.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
As much as anything else, post-structuralism may find substance in the fact that many of its most prominent works are by authors who were closely associated with structuralism, and more substance yet in that much of the work so designated attempts to reforge structuralist positions whose limitations transformed so many structuralists into critics of structuralism.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
According to the belief of the structuralists, a language speaks us. In this paper, we are going to argue the statements that "are the structuralists right in claiming that a language 'speaks us'". According to the structuralists, every element that is related to the culture of human being is a constituent of the system of signs.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Science and Technology
In contrast, technology is about making things, putting together different materials and components in such a way to make them work for some specific purpose. In this sense, there is no relationship as one is understood to be a process
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Science and technology
According to Boden, Artificial Intelligence is “the study of computer programs.” It is the area of Computer Science which concentrates on making machines where it meets the standard of humans to what they accept as intelligent. In other
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Science and Technology
This paper will discuss the initiatives of Amazon and Google going green. One of the traditional reforms that both organizations conducted was to virtualize their traditional
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Science, Technology, and Society
The chapter is divided into three sections including the introduction section in which the author discusses technological advancements and the impact of this technological advancement. In the next section the author focuses on the definition of technology and tries to
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us