The Highest Good and Justice - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
The Highest Good and Justice

These two characteristics, the concern for practical applications of his philosophy and the use of reason to supplant theological directives, distinguished Socrates. His was an attempt to teach people how to better define the highest good, how to attain justice, and therefore how to attain happiness both individually and socially.
This essay will examine Socrates' notions of a highest good and justice, his linking of the individual and society through an integrated philosophical approach, and the implications of different choices regarding public administration and public order.
As a preliminary matter, it is important to note that Socrates' teachings were most directed at the individual. The highest good, therefore, was a condition that each individual was capable of attaining; however, this highest good could only be known through reason and a knowledge of one's self. Socrates equated this highest good with knowledge and happiness. Significantly, though, he went to great lengths to distinguish true happiness from illusory pursuits of happiness. He did this by drawing distinctions between absolute levels of ignorance and fancy ideals of true knowledge. ...Show more

Summary

One of the main attractions of Socrates in Plato's Republic was his constant focus on issues of immediate relevance to man both individually and in a larger social context. Rather than addressing issues of a metaphysical nature, he instead dealt with questions and concerns that impacted people's lives more directly and more concretely…
Author : ehudson
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write a custom essay on your topic
"The Highest Good and Justice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Find out more

Related Essays

Soul and Justice in the works of Plato, Aristotle and Epicurus
This research will attempt to examine how each philosopher's definition of political justice relates to other aspects of their philosophy, such as the metaphysical order of the universe. According to the research findings the three philosophers examined here arrived at different definitions of soul and justice using similar methods of logical reasoning.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Michael Sandel's critique of John Rawls' Theory of Justice
It is evident from the study that in order to recover from criticism of his theory, John Rawls constantly develops recasts, revises and expands his theory of justice. His works despite being criticized cannot be discarded since there are no alternative theories provided by Sandel. Rawls will be commemorated for his impartial model of justice as fairness.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
What Is Justice For Socrates And Augustine? Who (Or What) Is The Highest Authority To Judge?
What is justice for Socrates and Augustine? Who (or what) is the highest authority to judge? Justice is a term that has complex meanings and implications that differ significantly depending on the individual. For one individual justice may be seen through the law, for another through society and for yet another through religion.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Is Socrates Form of the Good Correct?
Is Socrates “Form of the Good” Correct? In Plato’s theory of metaphysics, there is some kind of reality that is beyond or even more real than what can be seen. This is an aspect of the intelligible realm which is comprised of absolute and eternal entities known as forms (Santas 106).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Thrasymachus and Justice in Plato's Political Philosophy
The powerful governments, according to Thrasymachus, strive to implement their policies by dint of the force they enjoy in comparison with the weaker states; consequently, the policy is expected to be observed and followed by all the weak nations.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Explain and assess the role that virtue plays in Aristotle's theory of justice.
In his estimation, regulations inspire people to conduct themselves morally, therefore, the fair individual, whose character is legitimate, will essentially be honourable. He states that a desirable character who claims he/she acts according to the moral code of justice is not the same thing as justice itself because it is only concerned with an individual’s moral state, while fairness has to do with an individual’s associations with other people.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
What is justice for Socrates and Augustine? Who (or what) is the highest authority to judge?
These differences drove the philosophical theories of the men, and how they defined justice as well as who or what they perceived as the highest
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Extra Cridets
Extra Credits discusses the existence of art in video games and reveals issues considered important in gaming culture. Extra credits was directly derived from a number of lecture videos. These videos existed
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT