Two of the most influential figures among these in a profound understanding of contemporary society in it various features and aspects have been Raymond Williams and Amartya Sen and this paper undertakes an evaluation of the intellectual contributions by these social philosophers whose works and writings helped modern man in realising the realities of present-day society. Williams' contributions to politics, culture, the mass media, cultural studies and the cultural materialist approach, and literature as well as Sen's works in welfare economics, social choice theory, economic growth, economic development and social topics helped the modern man tremendously in his understanding of the contemporary society.
Raymond Henry Williams (1921-1988), the Welsh novelist, literary critic, cultural historian, cultural and political theorist, and social philosopher, has been often considered as one of the most prominent figures within the New Left movement and an eminent thinker of the wider culture. Through his important writings on politics, culture, the mass media, and literature, Raymond Williams offered salient contribution to the Marxist critique of culture and the arts. He has also been called the virtual architect of the interdisciplinary field identified as 'cultural studies' and his intellectual contributions have influenced every area of cultural study in the modern period. His Politics and Letters (1979), an account of his life and work, has been regarded as the single groundwork for cultural studies and the cultural materialist approach. Amartya Kumar Sen, (1933- ), the most important figure in the fields of welfare economics, social choice theory, economic growth and economic development for over three decades, hails from India and he was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics in 1998 for his ground-breaking work on development issues. It is widely recognised that the award was given mainly for his contributions to welfare economics and he was greatly interested in the social sources of famine, poverty, and inequality, and the need for women's empowerment. He formulated the idea that development is the real freedom to humanity. "His topics range from the relationships between economics and ethics, economic methodology and the nature of well-being, to explorations of the Arrow impossibility theorem and a social impossibility theorem of his own (the impossibility of a Paretian liberal), to capital and growth theory, choice of technology, hunger and sex discrimination. Virtually unique among economists, he is highly regarded by the mainstream of the profession... Sen enjoys equally high stature among social philosophers and students of other social sciences." (Putterman, 577) Therefore, Amartya Sen is celebrated not only for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory, but also for his remarkable role as a social philosopher who dealt with famine, poverty, and inequality, and the need for women's empowerment. The works and intellectual contributions of both Raymond Williams and Amartya Sen helped international community in the understanding of contemporary society.
Raymond Williams has made valuable contribution to the understanding of cultural materiali