Immanuel Kant is one of the most significant philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. According to my opinion Kant made frequent use of the word value and that Kant's ethics may even take for granted some type of implied notion of ethical value, it is however definite that Kant did not believe value to be among the basic notion of his ethics…
Kant rebuffed the notion that anything as uninformed and incidental as empirical ends, no issue how sound intended, could protected the meticulous demands of ethics. He persisted that ethical demands are obligatory -- not only essentially and unanimously, but unreservedly. Ethical demands are articulated in categorical, not hypothetical, essentials. Ethical demands be obliged to be based on rationally obligatory prescribed principles, not contingent material rules.
The main point of Kant's argument has been to offer a quick contrast with the categorical imperative. Categorical imperatives do not bid us will the means to an end, and so are not conditioned by will for an end already presupposed: this is why they are unconditioned, unqualified, and categorical. According to categorical imperative each rational instrument ought to will thus and thus. Therefore the clarification given of imaginary imperatives can in no way relate to it. The very notion of a categorical imperative might appear extraordinary were one not familiar with the apparently unconditioned asserts of morality. (Hoose, 1998) Kant, though, persists that one can in no way institute the categorical imperative by a request to experience. ...
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(Kant'S Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Kant'S Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/275242-kants-ethics.
The empiricists were philosophers who believed that knowledge arises from experience. The rationalists believed that knowledge arises from reason. So a person's action under any situation is borne out of his previous experiences or out of his sense of reasoning.
By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure (Utilitarianism, ii, 1863).
COMMENT: Many people, without knowing or admitting it, are followers of the Utilitarianism school of thought. They do everything in their power to do anything that makes them happy and avoids actions that make the sad.
Among the most prolific early thinkers were Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Newton, Galileo and Boyle and Bentham. These thinkers were in part responsible for shaping the views of Kant in that he drew elements of their brand of moral philosophy to serve as focal points of criticism and facilitators of his metaphysical dualism.
People use reason as a main tool to choose a course of action in a scale of options for a single virtue. It is through this that people decide their satisfaction and pleasure. The individual is the center of this ethics model.
Kant's stand on ethics is that reason directs the actions of a person (Patterson and Wilkins, 9).
In this paper, the character of Tim Robbins in the movie Shawshank Redemption will be reviewed for ethical considerations based on the ethical theories of utilitarianism, egoism, Immanuel Kant's premise on "good will" and, that of virtue ethics-all, in an attempt at arriving at a resolution to the question of ethics.
Significantly, Kant’s philosophy is anchored in his conviction that the value of man is inbuilt in his ability to reason and his criticisms of utilitarianism have become well-known in the history of philosophy. An analysis of Kant’s ethics of duty and freedom as a response to all previous ethical theories proves the characteristics of the Kantian ethics and the most significant contrast to utilitarianism, according to Kant, is the ethics of duty in which normative judgments are made on the basis of the character of the action rather than its consequences.
The maxim of committing suicide does not pass the stage of contradiction in conception hence it is not morally right to perform the action as it does not have the potential of becoming a universal law.
Immanuel Kant has earned the distinction in history of being the last major philosopher of the Enlightenment. His work captures the signature trademark of the Age of Enlightenment – a firm and deeply-entrenched belief in reason – but at the same time, he refused to be shackled by the strictures of his time.
He rejected the supposedly objective accounts of the good for man –proposed by the perfectionist positions associated with Plato, Aristotle and much Christian ethics–, as well as the subjective conceptions