Pages 13 (3263 words)
Great thinkers have wanted for a base for ethics that would serve as a basis for morality. Due to the fact that the beliefs of the gods or God was not based upon reason and the story had a number of irrational fundamentals, philosophers have sought for a more rational basis for morality…
Each has a principle of the GOOD. None of the traditions is without faults and none has become the basis for human conduct (Pecorino).
In the postmodern period some (maybe most) philosophers have abandoned the attempt to find universal principles and have argued for relativity of values. There are a number of ethical theories that hold for one form of relativity or another. These movements include Existentialism, Pragmatism, Feminism (Pecorino).
Abortion, surrogacy, euthanasia, the death penalty, racism, sexism, homosexuality, welfare, world hunger, animal rights, and environmental issues-all are areas characterized by fundamental disagreements, often intense, sometimes bitter and acrimonious (Introduction). This situation is made even more perplexing by the fact that in all of these debates, each side has good arguments in support of its position. Some part of moral disagreement however, can be attributed to ignorance or ill will, but the troubling part is the moral disagreement among informed and benevolent people (Introduction). The anthropomorphic attributes, gender, particular names, and ethnic exclusivity, while others are purely transcendent or philosophic concepts (God). However, not all systems hold that God is necessarily morally good. ...