Each has a principle of the GOOD. None of the traditions is without faults and none has become the basis for human conduct (Pecorino).
In the postmodern period some (maybe most) philosophers have abandoned the attempt to find universal principles and have argued for relativity of values. There are a number of ethical theories that hold for one form of relativity or another. These movements include Existentialism, Pragmatism, Feminism (Pecorino).
Abortion, surrogacy, euthanasia, the death penalty, racism, sexism, homosexuality, welfare, world hunger, animal rights, and environmental issues-all are areas characterized by fundamental disagreements, often intense, sometimes bitter and acrimonious (Introduction). This situation is made even more perplexing by the fact that in all of these debates, each side has good arguments in support of its position. Some part of moral disagreement however, can be attributed to ignorance or ill will, but the troubling part is the moral disagreement among informed and benevolent people (Introduction). The anthropomorphic attributes, gender, particular names, and ethnic exclusivity, while others are purely transcendent or philosophic concepts (God). However, not all systems hold that God is necessarily morally good. Some hold that God is the very definition of moral goodness. Others maintain that God is beyond morality. This God cannot also be "good", from the point of view of all humans - just as not all humans are "good" from his point of view. Of course, this idea fails to take into account God's respect of His creations' Free Will; He wants humankind to come to Him because they want to. As a Good and Loving God He would not force anyone to Him (God).
Reason refers to the higher cognitive faculties of the human mind. It describes a type of thought or aspect of thought, especially abstract thought, and the ability to think abstractly, which is felt to be especially human(Reason). Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty (Reason).
However, there are plenty of variance between philosophical schools about the nature and purpose of reason, as well as about the extent to which it is unique to human beings, and the above definition is not universally accepted (Reason). The debate about the relationship of reason to logic extends back to the time of Plato and Aristotle. Plato made a peculiarity between reason and logic, whereas for Aristotle, the terms were fundamentally synonymous (Reason).
Morality deals with that which is innately regarded as right or wrong. The term is often used to refer to a system of principles and judgments shared by cultural, religious, and philosophical concepts and beliefs, by which humans subjectively determine whether given actions are right or wrong (Morality). These