StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Modern World Theories - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
justice would be most required. Thus, such an effort is made in this discussion to comprehend three of the most prominent theories of the modern world. As a first step, let us understand them in their popular definitions to initiate the discussion. Liberalism, as opposed to Marxism and Neo-Conservatism, is a "political theory founded on the natural goodness of humans and the autonomy of the individual and favouring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority [and] An economic theory in favour of laissez-faire, the free market, and the gold standard" (Liberalism. 2008).
Now, to understand another major modern theory, Marxism can be well defined as the "political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society" (Marxism. 2008).
Another major political philosophy that came out, mainly in the US, as a rejection of social liberalism and the New Left movements is the Neo- Conservatism which is difficult to be defined, yet may be understood as one that "refers to the political goals and ideology of the "new conservatives" in the United States, characterized by hawkish views on foreign policy and a lesser emphasis on social issues and minimal government than other strains of American conservatism" (Definition: Neoconservatism (United States). 2007). Now, to have a comprehensive idea of these philosophies, let us discuss them in detail.
In critical perspective, Liberalism, as opposed by the other political, cultural, social and economic theories of consideration, may be put in a high status in the modern context as it ensures maximum individual freedom in the democratic way of governments. Various characteristic features of the theory may be considered in favour of Liberalism. Among them the notable ones are the emphasis on individual freedom, opposition to the government regulation through the advocacy of free market, importance on the liberal government, democracy, and civil rights and the equality of opportunity to the individual. There so many values, elements, institutions, and other characteristics that buttress the great role of Liberalism. One of the primary considerations among them is its perspectives on human nature.
Liberalism, in its radical social form, has been the champion of human liberty and all its perspectives of human being concentrated on this ultimate concept of the liberals. Human beings, when they are adult, mature persons to enjoy the freedom and selection of things most suiting their growth and progress, were allowed the freedom without the intervention of the government. Unlike the classical liberals who consider the individuals as able to assume the ways of developing their life, modern liberals cling to the idea about human nature "that we are basically moved by impersonal forces and have no capacity to initiate any improvements in our lives. Any such improvement has to come from the outside, and government, with its concentrated and massive coercive power, is the most promising candidate to bring about such improvement" ...Show more


Critically evaluate and compare the theories: Liberalism, Marxism and Neo-Conservatism assessing in particular the perspective of each on human nature, the state, international institutions and order vs. justice.
Three of the most influential theories of the modern world which are much used and little understood are the theories of Liberalism, Marxism and Neo-Conservatism…
Author : tamia26
Modern World Theories
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Modern World Theories"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Islam in the modern world
The concept basically inculcates a feeling of superiority in comparison with another individual, group or nation and ultimately leads to unequal or mistreatment towards a certain group of people. History suggests that the usual victims of racist thoughts have been the minorities or the suppressed.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Modern World
Keeping this definition in view, and reinforcing it by inspiration drawn from characters in movies like “It’s a wonderful life” and “Miracle on 34th street”, this paper attempts at analyzing the lives of personalities like Simone Weil, Martin Luther King, and Mother Teresa, in order to examine the elements in their lives that make them secular saints.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Relationships in Modern World
According to conflict theory, conflict may arise from individuals when they interact with each other in different social or economic setups (Healy pp.18-24). He states that individuals in society strive for access, use and control of scarce resources. Changes in society or economy, increased reduction to access to resources such as money, land job opportunities also cause conflict among individuals.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Contemporary Criminology Theories and the Changing Conditions of the Post Modern Society
Philosophers of science have long established the concept of causation. The reasoning behind the concept argues that a problem can be better tackled and/or alleviated by the understanding of the root cause(s).
17 pages (4250 words) Essay
Habitus in the Modern World
individual, objective vs. subjective viewpoints that have characterized the field in the past. He produced a large quantity of writings regarding his findings, particularly placing emphasis upon the need to break down the old dichotomies and begin seeking a more unified and overarching construct to explain the various behavioral similarities that can be traced through numerous human societies regardless of proximity, contact or specific cultural quirks.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The business management in the modern world
The expansion of business schools globally resulted in expansion of new business theories internationally. In the modern economic point of view the allocation of funds for social sciences from the government decreased all over the globe. This resulted in graduates in sociology, history, philosophy and psychology ending up with jobs training managers.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Feminist Theories and The Position of the Modern Woman
Though most feminists and feminists' organizations are women inclined, there are also some men who are sympathisers of the course of these women (Antrobus, 2004). In most cases, feminists tend to concern themselves with the political, social and economic inequality between men and women, some believe that gender based identities and sex such as 'man' and 'woman' are the products of the society while others question the meaning of these words (Antrobus, 2004; Lerner, 1994).
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Traditional and Modern Theories of TAM proof reading
According to Fillmore (1968: 21), "a sentence consists of a proposition, a tenseless set of verb-case relationships, and a modality constituent consisting of such items
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Science Fiction, Technology, and Our Modern World
These rules enable the person to correlate Chinese formal symbols to identify them entirely with their shapes. Similarly, another batch
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Modern World
Similarly, the global activism in quest of equal economic opportunities and social justice and fairness has led to free market economies bringing in a variety of consumer goods and allowing competition that lowers prices. This shared economic arena has led to organized society and significantly improved people’s lives.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Modern World Theories for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us