Mind and Body

Masters
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Download 0
Rene Descartes was, by nature, a dualist. In fact, he created the notion of Cartesian dualism. This was the basic breadth of the mind-body debate which began during the times of Plato and Aristotle and extended long past Descartes's demise.
Cartesian dualism holds that one's intelligence is a substance that cannot be touched or felt physically…

Introduction


Aristotle was a thinker who was more interested in metaphysical concepts, while Plato's thought was more based on concrete principles of the natural world. While Aristotle described the levels of reality, Plato focused on subjects such as how one could be a virtuous, and therefore "good," person.
Pascal was a mathematician, so he obviously focused therefore much more on physical reality and concrete and empirical principles. He says, "But in the intuitive mind the principles are found in common use and are before the eyes of everybody" (Pascal, 1660, p. 1).
When one is awake, what does one do This notion that consciousness is not accounted for, or the persistence of memory, is important as one seeks to find out what underlies the core of these two authors.
Descartes most likely used more indirect means of philosophizing. Meanwhile, Pascal would have been deliberately direct and forthcoming, as a mathematician who drew on his knowledge of the sciences in order to derive his conclusions.
The differences between Descartes and Pascal are vast, mainly because Pascal was first and foremost in his heart a scientist. Descartes was at his core, however, a thinker-a logician of the highest quality.
This ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Descartes Mind Body Dualism in 6th Meditation
Although his theory was subjected to a lot of challenges and controversies, yet philosophers mutually hold the consensus that there is a certain level of truth in the theory proposed by Descartes because we would never have felt the existence of our bodies had we never had any minds. Thus, existence of mind was fundamental to the human realization of body. This somewhat promotes the view that mind…
The Mind-Body Problem, Freedom and Determinism Problem
The knowledge of our conscious states is usually connected to the perceptual experiences that we go through. Constant thoughts, thirst, hunger, feelings of sadness and anger, pains and itches and somatic sensations are among the inclusions of a conscious mental state (Kim 67). There have been different sets of ideas regarding the mind and the body. Many people have argued and different and…
Possible Solution to Descartes' Mind-Body Problem
The question that remains to be asked is – if ever the mind and the body can have an interaction, then how is it possible? Descartes answer to this question is – “I was unable to give any explanation” (Descartes 1969:162). Furthermore, he contended that that this rather hypothetical interaction between the mind and the body is merely an “arbitrary” one and something that cannot be…
The Mind/Body Problem
One research line states that some mind-body problems come from artificial intelligence research. One such problem can be solved by the clear knowledge hardware and software interaction and relationship. The other line of research shows that mind-body relation might be illuminated by the study of emergence in the biological systems. Mind-body dualism or dualism is a theory that holds that minds…
An Exposition and Evaluation of Descartes' Arguments for the Claim that the Mind is not Identical to the Body
According to Descartes: “It is true that I may have (or to anticipate, that I certainly have) a body that is very closely joined to me. But nevertheless, on the one hand, I have a clear and distinct idea of myself, in so far as I am simply a thinking, non-extended thing; and on the other hand I have a distinct idea of body, in so far as this is simply an extended, non-thinking thing. And…
Descartes And Letters Exchanged Between Elizabeth of Bohemia On the Body-Mind Problem
In this letter, she appears to suggest that the reason for her departure is the murder of Francois d’Espinay (who had courted not only mother but also her younger sister) by Phillipe (her brother) in broad daylight (Atherton 25). Ironically this act seems to have been carried out with Elizabeth’s knowledge. She tells Descartes that she will carry a draft of The Passions of the Soul treatise…
Mind and Body
Aristotle was a thinker who was more interested in metaphysical concepts, while Plato's thought was more based on concrete principles of the natural world. While Aristotle described the levels of reality, Plato focused on subjects such as how one could be a virtuous, and therefore "good," person.…