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Ideal society in the Republic of Plato - Book Report/Review Example

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Masters
Book Report/Review
Philosophy
Pages 5 (1255 words)

Summary

The paper operates mainly based on research question which can be stated as follows: How does Plato construct his ideal society in The Republic: Concerning Justice? Why does he see this Kallipolis as superior to other forms of government?…

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Ideal society in the Republic of Plato

The intention of this study is Plato’s ideal society that is inhabited by three classes, namely, Philosopher Kings, Guardians (soldiers) and Artisans. These three represent three elements in human nature – reason, spirit and appetite respectively. These three elements also have three corresponding virtues – wisdom, courage and temperance. There is an oft quoted saying of Plato where he puts philosophy and wisdom on the highest pedestal in the state. He says “Until philosophers are kings or the kings and princes of this world have the power of philosophy, cities will never have rest from their evils.” As such, his ideal society comprises the three main classes while his Ideal State is constructed through duly trained Philosopher Kings and Guardians. The training and discipline of philosopher kings is such that they are provided all safeguards preventing them form indulging in any digression vis-à-vis justice in the state. Justice in the state rests in everyone following one’s own trade and activity for which one is suited best by nature and training (where required). The concept of justice here is linked to the Greek conception of dike, i.e., the just order. In such an order, each individual with respective and corresponding elements, virtues and metals of bronze, silver and gold is doing ones own job to a level of highest excellence. Justice, for Plato, is this excellence of work pursued in the area of one’s own best suited craft. ...
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