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Book Report/Review example - Ideal society in the Republic of Plato

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Masters
Book Report/Review
Philosophy
Pages 5 (1255 words)
This research paper aims to answer the question whether the Kallipolis is superior to other forms of government. Full title of Plato’s work under consideration is Republic: Concerning Justice. Plato is in search of Justice in the Kallipolis and in the individual…

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Kallipolis is largely the ‘city-state’ of his time especially from 427 to 347 B.C. The earlier contemporaneous city-state with democratic form of government had inflicted an exile and death sentence on Plato’s master teacher, Socrates. Plato, as such, has always had developed a strong dislike for democracy. For him, democratic systems were full of rampant corruption and in depth injustice. Therefore, Plato, in his work of his middle age, Republic, explores constructing an ideal society minus all the negative aspects of a democratic form of governance. His quest is for an Ideal State and Justice within the then larger society in Greece. He is clearly searching for a superior form of government – an Ideal away from gross irregularities of a democracy.
How does Plato construct his ideal society in The Republic? Why does he see this Kallipolis as superior to other forms of government? A few more, as it were, ‘interlocutions’ are necessary here. Such as, are their any inherent socio-contextual, epistemological and thematic limitations of logic in the Republic? Why democracy should be regarded as the best form of political system? Is it proper to criticise Plato, as attempted by Karl Popper, for something fundamentally outside the structure of his work? Plato’s Republic is, indeed, a masterly work of philosophy. It is “…a dramatised philosophy of human life”. It does not mean that it is an embodiment of perfection. ...
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