A few more, as it were, ‘interlocutions’ are necessary here. Such as, are their any inherent socio-contextual, epistemological and thematic limitations of logic in the Republic? Why democracy should be regarded as the best form of political system? Is it proper to criticise Plato, as attempted by Karl Popper, for something fundamentally outside the structure of his work? Plato’s Republic is, indeed, a masterly work of philosophy. It is “…a dramatised philosophy of human life”. It does not mean that it is an embodiment of perfection.
There are imperfections and errors of logic. For example, it is easy for any reader of Plato’s Republic to say “What a life without a wife and without one’s own identifiable progeny” anent his ideas of communism of wives and children. There is also complete omission of law in the Republic. For some analysts, Republic is not a treatise on politics. It is a work on education! This appears to be an exceptional work entering into varied though holistic realms of human concerns.
Plato Constructs his Ideal Society:
His ideal society, among others, is inhabited by three classes, namely, Philosopher Kings, Guardians (soldiers) and Artisans. These three represent three elements in human nature – reason, spirit and appetite respectively. These three elements also have three corresponding virtues – wisdom, courage and temperance. There is an oft quoted saying of Plato where he puts philosophy and wisdom on the highest pedestal in the state. He says "Until philosophers are kings or the kings and princes of this world have the power of philosophy, cities will never have rest from their evils."6 As such, his ideal society comprises the three main classes while his Ideal State is constructed through duly trained Philosopher Kings and Guardians. The training and discipline of philosopher kings is such that they are provided all safeguards preventing them form indulging in any digression vis--vis justice in the state. Justice in the state rests in everyone following one's own trade and activity for which one is suited best by nature and training (where required). The concept of justice here is linked to the Greek conception of dike, i.e., the just order.7
In such an order, each individual with respective and corresponding elements, virtues and metals of bronze, silver and gold is doing ones own job to a level of highest excellence. Justice, for Plato, is this excellence of work pursued in the area of one's own best suited craft.
Duly trained Guardians are to protect this Platonic city from invaders and wrong doers. These soldiers are like watchdogs and faithful to the dictates of philosopher ki