Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Political Thoughts of Marx and Rousseau - Book Report/Review Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : quitzonlondon

Summary

In The Communist Manifesto, Marx argues that the bourgeois reason requires steady and incomplete change in capital materials and, ultimately, society itself. Marx writes, "The bourgeoisie cannot live with no continually revolutionizing the instruments of manufacture, and thus the relations of manufacture, and with them the entire relations of society"…

Extract of sample
Political Thoughts of Marx and Rousseau

This is a great shame, for "conceptions of the nature and reason of art intimately similar man's conceptions of himself and of his fate, and they talk to us in ways far more forceful than abstract theory can do. Critics, when annoying to trace the reason of contemporary political evils, frequently say "It's Rousseau's fault." In a sense they are correct, but it is more generally right to say that the fault lies with an entire multifaceted of popular ideas that were already working influential changes on the public mind from side to side art, literature, and poetry. As it is true that the whole modern democracy group has been permanently shaped by the information of Rousseau that is partially since he so efficiently uttered assumptions that were rising in his time and gave them lasting political expression. They were facts concerning the nature of liberty and democracy that were distorted, and used by others, such as Robespierre, in ways that certainly would have surprised Rousseau. But it is for their vulnerability to use in such way that they must be studied. Rousseau's political facts were at once naive, "mystical," and socialist. (Orwin, 2003, pp 57-61)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau's extremely public defection from the position of France's eighteenth-century philosophes has enthused a huge deal of scholarly argument concerning his association to th ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Analysis of General Theories of History
Experiences from one generation to another do not vary greatly; thereby it is important to learn lessons from the overall course of history. The first attempt to record the science of history was undertaken by the Greeks about twenty-five hundred years ago. The need to comprehend history and translate its effects into the future does not arise in societies with long-standing and relatively steady social structures. Such a state of affairs is not given much consideration. However, when societies face sudden drastic turmoil which triggers changes in the social structure, then understanding the…
6 pages (1506 words)
Rousseau, Marx, and the Critique of Classical Liberalism
This name reflects the fact that it comes from the integrity of the people (nation, class), the presence of single will before the act of its public expression, and identity of the will and actions of the authorities. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx are the most prominent representatives of this theory of democracy. Rousseau’s Political Philosophy Idealizing the natural state, a kind of “golden age,” Rousseau believed that the civil state must guarantee the recovery of natural equality of man in the form established by the contract freedoms. Rousseau is considered the father of the…
6 pages (1506 words)
Karl Marx
Though earlier works created by Marx seem to be advocating the scientific and technological development by taking it to be beneficial for the growth of human societies through his political ideology (156-7); nevertheless, his later works looks opposing the same partly because of the increase in exploitation of proletariat by bourgeoisie in the wake of industrial developments taking place in society (324). Somehow, instead of censuring the development, Marx aims to defy the evils the development had brought along with it. Since the political, social, economic, cultural and religious environment…
5 pages (1255 words)
Rousseau's Political Philosophy
Accordingly Rousseau wants freedom and social equality in society although refutes these are innate. Somewhat he craves civil liberty and equality be accorded by the state. The rights people have are the ones they have in the society, to which people give all their natural liberty and equality when they joined it.…
8 pages (2008 words)
Political Philosophy by Rousseau
He is free only if he can express his interest and individuality. He said, “Each man in giving himself to all, gives himself to nobody” (192). He was placing the individual in a responsible and responsive society that can create, run a government and participate in it. Collective decisions are the core of democracy, equality, liberty, fraternity. “As an ideal, the general will is, for Rousseau, a genuine universal….It is the unity through which the addictive collection of wills gets its meaning,” Dyke (1969, p.23). Rousseau argues in favour of general will at every step. “The…
4 pages (1004 words)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Natural inequality involves differences between one man's strength or intelligence and that of another - it is a product of nature. Rousseau is not concerned with this type of inequality and wishes to investigate moral inequality. He argues this inequality is endemic to a civil society and relates and causes differences in power and wealth. This type of inequality is established by convention. Rousseau appears to take a cynical view of civil society, and refers to times before the current state of civil society, when man was closer to his natural state, as happier times for man. To Rousseau,…
3 pages (753 words)