Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin - Essay Example

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Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin

Georg Simmel lived in Berlin the most part of his life, and this fact of his biography predetermined his views on modern urban life. In his best-known essay, The Metropolis and Mental Life Simmel “analyzes individual life in the context of modern, metropolitan life, contrasting the social forces and structures of urban life with those of traditional rural and small town settings”. In this work, Georg Simmel underlined that in conditions of the modern city and urban society an individual can successfully develop his skills and abilities, as the economic and political situation of modern and post-modern community promotes individual freedom and flexibility. But in the other hand in modern urban society an individual is under pressure of numerous factors and restrictions, as “the metropolis is a site or location for social life where the larger structures, forms of contact, and forces such as the money economy threaten ‘the autonomy and individuality’ of the individual”. So, the situation in modern urban cities leads to the new politics of vision, when an individual has to perceive everything from the point of view of modern urban experience. Simmel underlined that “the city conspires to erase difference by assaulting the individual with an overwhelming and never-ending stream of visual stimuli”. This vision is inherent to the spacing theory of scientific rationalism, modern and post-modern experience which fills the space with giant cubic forms suppressing the consciousness of people and their freedom. ...Show more

Summary

This paper demonstrates both authors’ positions on modern and post-modern urban experience and a new politics of vision, new understanding of modern city and mass media influence on human life. The philosophical and sociological views of Simmel and Benjamin differ from each other in some aspects…
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