Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin

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1. Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin were famous and interesting German philosophers who lived in the end of the 19th and in the beginning of the 20th centuries. They both contributed a lot in philosophical and sociological approaches concerning urban culture and the human position in contemporary economical, political and cultural conditions.


The philosophical and sociological views of Simmel and Benjamin differ from each other in some aspects, but in many points of view they have the same opinions. This paper will demonstrate both authors' positions on modern and post-modern urban experience and a new politics of vision, new understanding of modern city and mass media influence on human life.
2. Georg Simmel lived in Berlin the most part of his life, and this fact of his biography predetermined his views on modern urban life. In his best known essay The Metropolis and Mental Life Simmel "analyzes individual life in the context of modern, metropolitan life, contrasting the social forces and structures of urban life with those of traditional rural and small town settings" (Micro Approaches and Simmel). In this work Georg Simmel underlined that in conditions of modern city and urban society an individual can successfully develop his skills and abilities, as the economical and political situation of modern and post-modern community promotes individual freedom and flexibility. ...
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