Sometimes this has resulted in even atheist thinking with in Hinduism. Later compositions often cite the authority of the Vedas as the more orthodox of Hindu scriptures. Many of the ideas in Hinduism like Dharma, Moksha and Karma are a matter of confusion even for the best of minds. Some times even the Vedas and Upanishads may not give the faithful clarity of mind. However, the search for truth by itself is a spiritual experience even when one has unsolved question in the mind. The essay concludes by the assertion that the Vedas are the ultimate spring from which other scriptures took their origin.
Scriptural authority in Hinduism has many levels. (Lipner, 1988, P.26) In other religious texts the idea of inspiration, which is very sacrosanct and rigidly defined, is left somewhat vague in Hinduism. It is not even expected that all believers should fall in line with a canonical adherence to any doctrine as in other religions. "In an attempt to set monotheism firmly within the framework of classical Hinduism, Debendranath tried to find authority in the Vedas but became disillusioned with further study and decided that reason and conscience should be the test of the authority of any scriptural text."(Brockington 176)
In traditional Hinduism the Vedas have been given the status of the ultimate canonical text of divine knowledge. The word Veda means knowledge and it is applied in the sense of saving knowledge. It is interesting to note that many Hindus do not have any access to the Vedas .For all the real-time use many Hindus use other forms of scriptures.
By about 400-300 BC the idea of " the four-Vedas" known as Chatur Vedas became an accepted canon. The four Vedas are The Rig, the Sama, Yajur and Atharava Veda .The Vedas contain a huge and diverse body of sacred language, which is directly or indirectly concerned with sacrificial ritual.
The composition of the Vedas was a prolonged affair and its scriptural tradition is very complex. Many consider the Upanishads as the culmination of the Vedas; therefore called 'Vedanta'. The etymology of the word (veda+anta=end of the Vedas) suggests this speedy conclusion both in a chronological and ideological sense. The central argument of this paper is thus vindicated from the etymology of the word Vedanta itself as it represents the latest genre of the scriptural language. However, having said that one should not conclude that Upanishads represent the quintessence of Vedic knowledge (Lipner, 1988, P.38). There is a theological tradition of Hinduism called Vedanta who argue that it is not the performance of the sacrificial ritual that is the be-all and end-all of the Vedas but the inward enactment of sacrifice in one's personal life through a process of contemplation. The Vedanta school is actually an ongoing refining school of Hinduism. Even they argue that Upanishads is the Siras or the head of the body of the Vedas.
How did the Vedas originate Who composed it The Vedas were neither composed by the Sages, nor by Brahma, nor by Brahman (The Lord). They were before the existence of everythin