StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Phaedo - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Phaedo

Those enemies would be a life wasted on the pursuit of pleasure at the expense of pain (pleasure withdrawn). This very duality of life, according to Socrates, is the bane of existence for all of mankind.
If one spends much time caught in the illusion of earthly pleasures then faces a fear of death due to inattention to the betterment of the mind and soul, then that life is sorely wasted. Yet to Socrates, lightly embracing pleasure allows one to enhance pleasure and not fear its removal, for such a person knows that pleasure is merely ephemeral and not a constant. In succeeding to do this, one overcomes the fear of death, for the loss of pleasure is a death in itself. Fear of losing pleasure is fear of death.
This is not to say that the form death may take is pleasurable, but Socrates explains that the true philosopher from early on chases death in life, seeks endings and depth, the essence of pleasure and pain and finds within this duality a richness that is exhilarating rather than frightening. To live with death every day, or in other words, living each day preparing to die, is the very stuff of the true philosopher. A life well lived should not be grieved; Socrates wonders why people who face death fear liberation from worldly burdens when life could be lived free of worldly burdens by recognizing them as symbols rather than literal things.
In d In discussing the pleasure/pain principle, Socrates explains that the fear of loss during life is an endless exchange of one pleasure for another. He demonstrates this by stating that, like coins, people abstain from one pleasure only to replace it with another in order to be "temperate." Like coins, the balance of pleasures is kept in check, yet there is always the fear of them being removed, lost or taken. The philosopher sees the idiocy of such thinking and allows pleasure to come and go as it pleases, seeing it for what it is. Pleasure is not worth sacrificing one's worldly life to obtain and hold onto it, for it is evasive and fickle. The true coin, Socrates says, is Wisdom.
Interestingly, Socrates says flat out that we are born from the dead (in other words, we are dead until we are born); therefore, why should we fear death We already have en existence before we enter this world and we will regain that existence upon leaving this world. As we find good people in this world, so we shall find them in the world from whence our souls came.
From this conversation springs the key to the duality in the world through the example of forms; in this world, forms are objects that help us remember; for life is simply an attempt to recall what has been forgotten rather than to know anything.
True knowledge and the attainment of wisdom is the synthesis of the formed and the unformed, the born and the unborn, the resolution of all dualities.
As Socrates explains (and to put it in modern terms), forms are symbols of what we know and are ties to many memories, each evoking a feeling of pleasure or pain. There is no true learning, only remembering (which is another way of saying that the brain is limited to the mind, but the soul is independent of both). My brother's sweater reminds me of ...Show more

Summary

Socrates gives a profound discourse regarding the philosopher's life being spent embracing - even preparing for - death. To Socrates, the intertwining of soul and body carries great meaning and a sense of purpose, which would be the pursuit of truth in all things…
Author : keenanhirthe
The Phaedo essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Phaedo"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Read Phaedo-Wisdom and the Soul and Socrates about to Die in Plato: The Last Days of Socrates
At the time of death, Socrates thoughts tap those moments of our life when we have to choose between our senses and our soul. The dialogue takes place at Peloponnesian, small town of Phlius, which was home to Echecrates. Phaedo, one of the followers of Socrates is a visitor to the place and becomes a witness to the death of Socrates and the dialogue that ensues between him and Crito.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Meno and Phaedo
Musically, harmony is the very opposite of “discord” [94a] and moreover, it is “invisible and incorporeal, and very beautiful” [85e]. However much Plato's background is receptive to Pythagoras, when it comes to the soul, the proposal that the soul is a type of harmony is one that is rejected by Plato.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Discuss the role of wisdom in true virtue according to Meno and the Phaedo
It is well known that Greek philosopher Socrates was given a death sentence on the charge of corrupting youth with his teachings. He was given a dose of hemlock, a toxic substance that causes suffocation leading to death.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The arguments that Socrates provides of the immortality of the soul in the book Phaedo by Plato
The former is the body that perishes upon death while the latter is the soul that lives after death thus giving assurance of unending life after death. This is a purely theistic argument. The soul does not die but the body dies. 1. Abstract: Summary or overview of the paper 2.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Explain why Simmias and Cebes are so afraid of death in the phaedo, whereas Socrates is not. Does Socrates' explanation convince you, or are you, like simmias a
On the other hand, Simmias and Cebes, lacking Socrates’ conviction, fear death. The crux of the dialogue is Socrates’ argument persuading Simmias and Cebes to accept his point of view. To the wonder
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Ancient Greek Philosophy: Socrates in the Phaedo/Aristotle/Epicurus/the Stoics/Plotinus- choose 3
Socrates appealed to the immortality of the soul, believing that it retains eternal existence once separated from the body in death. He maintains that
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Symposium and Phaedo determine why Socrates is spared the tragic fate of many old Greek heroes
Socrates argues that the main purpose of love is to acquire wisdom and to the Greeks, wisdom is the most essential virtue an individual can acquire (Cornford, 27). Socrates is a philosopher, and he analyzed the dynamics of love in the Symposium; as a result of
2 pages (500 words) Essay
The arguments that Socrates provides of the immortality of the soul in the book Phaedo by Plato
This is a purely theistic argument. The soul does not die but the body dies. The purpose of this paper is to provide readers with a critical thinking about Socrates’
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Plato's Phaedo
“Phaedo” is first of all one of the brightest documents in the cultural history of humanity. These documents discuss the issues, which the majority of people are interested in: about life, body, soul, destiny of body and soul,
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Plato, Euthyphro, Plato, Apology, Plato, Crito, Martin Luther King, Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Plato, Meno, Plato Phaedo
The state advised Secretes to go out on exile, stop his cont6roversial public teachings, or be executed by the state. Socrates could not forsake philosophy to please the government and therefore chose to die. Plato, one of
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us